The bacterium Vibrio cholerae causes a disease, cholera

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The bacterium Vibrio cholerae causes a disease, cholera. Infected people have severe diarrhea and any lose up to twenty liters of fluid a day. V. Cholerae enters the body when someone drinks contaminated water, then it adheres to the intestinal lining. The bacterium secretes a metabolic product that is toxic to cells of human intestinal lining, and the intestinal lining cells in turn secrete chloride ions. Sodium ions follow the chloride ions into the intestinal fluid. Explain how the series of ions movement causes the massive fluid loss.


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