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QUESTION 1

1. _____ studies provide more in-depth developmental information.

a.

Experimental

b.

Follow-up

c.

Longitudinal

d.

Cohort-intensive

1 points

QUESTION 2

1. Which of the following is NOT a limitation of longitudinal studies?

a.

Time and money

b.

“Generalizability”

c.

Self-selected sample bias

d.

Cohort effects

1 points

QUESTION 3

1. “Generalizability” can be a problem in what kind(s) of study/studies?

a.

Cross-sectional

b.

Longitudinal

c.

a nor b

d.

a and b

1 points

QUESTION 4

1. Which of the following behaviors is NOT influenced by culture?

a.

Fifteen-year-old Chou is cooperative and respectful toward his grandparents.

b.

Five-year-old Kim believes that her father is just showing his love and concern when he beats her with a switch for not completing her chores.

c.

Sixteen-year-old Brant enjoys lively debates with his history teacher.

d.

Seventeen-month-old Zahra tried to climb the stairs and fell off the first step.

1 points

QUESTION 5

1. Which of the following is TRUE about conception?

a.

It is the fertilization of the female egg by the male sperm.

b.

The new cell is called an embryo.

c.

The blastocyst is no larger than the period at the end of this sentence.

d.

All of these options are true

1 points

QUESTION 6

1. Which of the following is INCORRECTLY matched?

a.

Embryonic period: development of major body organs

b.

Conception: development of blastocyst

c.

Germinal period: ovulation and implantation

d.

Fetal period: rapid weight gain and “detailing” of body organs and systems

1 points

QUESTION 7

1. The use of _____ during pregnancy is most associated with premature birth, low-birth-weight infants, and fetal death.

a.

nicotine

b.

caffeine

c.

aspirin

d.

all of these options

1 points

QUESTION 8

1. Teratogens are _____ that can cause birth defects.

a.

DNA fragments

b.

environmental agents

c.

recessive genes

d.

dominant genes

1 points

QUESTION 9

1. _____ is a feeling of fullness that has an effect on the perception of hunger.

a.

Insatiety

b.

Protrudation

c.

Satiety

d.

Grandiosity

1 points

QUESTION 10

1. The heat generated in response to food ingestion is called _____.

a.

satiation

b.

dehydration

c.

thermogenesis

d.

thermolosis

1 points

QUESTION 11

1. 11. The _____ hypothalamus signals an animal to start eating, whereas the _____ hypothalamus signals the animal to stop eating.

a) lateral; ventromedial

b) ventro; medial

c) ventromedial; lateral

d) medial; ventro

a.

lateral; ventromedial

b.

ventro; medial

c.

ventromedial; lateral

d.

medial; ventro

1 points

QUESTION 12

1. All other factors being equal, which of the following persons is MOST likely to acquire an HIV infection?

a.

Marci, who just donated blood

b.

Rami, who engages in brief deep-throat kissing with her life partner without using a dental dam

c.

Franco, who works at a hospice center for AIDS patients

d.

None of these people is more likely than the others to acquire an HIV infection

1 points

QUESTION 13

1. Which of the following is TRUE regarding rape?

a.

Women can’t be raped against their will; and secretly want to be raped.

b.

A man cannot be raped by a woman.

c.

Men have little control over their biologically overpowering sex drive.

d.

All of these options are myths about rape.

1 points

QUESTION 14

1. According to the cognitive theory of motivation, _____ influence our goal-directed behavior.

a.

attributions and expectancies

b.

expectancies and internal needs

c.

internal needs and attributions

d.

attributions, expectancies, and internal needs

1 points

QUESTION 15

1. According to the cognitive theory of motivation, which of the following students is MOST likely to study hard for the next psychology exam?

a.

Sasha believes she earned an “A” on this exam because the questions were easy.

b.

Endora believes she is a witch and can get whatever she wants by waving her arms and casting a spell.

c.

Martino believes he can bring his “C’ up to an “B” or “A” next time.

d.

Clemy believes he studied as hard as he could for this exam and is very discouraged that he only got a “D.”

1 points

QUESTION 16

1. The theory that some motives have to be satisfied before a person can advance to fulfilling higher motives is based on _____.

a.

Freud’s psychosexual stages of development

b.

Kohlberg’s moral stages of development

c.

Erikson’s psychosocial stages of development

d.

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

1 points

QUESTION 17

1. According to _____ theory, basic survival and security needs must be satisfied before one can move on to such higher needs as self-actualization.

a.

evolutionary

b.

instinct

c.

Maslow’s

d.

Wiener’s

1 points

QUESTION 18

1. According to Maslow, belonging and self-actualization are _____ needs, and will be satisfied after physiological and safety needs.

a.

essential

b.

primary

c.

higher-level

d.

optional

1 points

QUESTION 19

1. According to Maslow’s view of motivation, if you haven’t eaten all day, your thoughts will be MOST focused on your _____.

a.

self-esteem

b.

physical safety

c.

physiological needs

d.

sense of belonging

1 points

QUESTION 20

1. The study of age-related changes in behavior and mental processes throughout the lifespan is called _____.

a.

thanatology

b.

neo-gerontology

c.

developmental psychology

d.

longitudinal psychology

1 points

QUESTION 21

1. Developmental psychology _____.

a.

examines growth, maturation, early experiences, and various stages of cognitive, social, and physical development

b.

uses a learning theory approach that suggests nature is more important in development than nurture

c.

avoids controversial issues by focusing only on what can be proven through research

d.

all of these options

1 points

QUESTION 22

1. Assad and Juana believe in stimulating their new baby’s senses by playing and singing to her. They also believe it is important to reinforce her curiosity and her attempts to interact with them verbally. It is MOST likely that Assad and Juana believe that _____ is the major contributor to their child’s development.

a.

nurture

b.

sensation training

c.

nature

d.

maturation

1 points

QUESTION 23

1. Dr. Johan tends to believe in the _____ model of development, which says that changes occur at a relatively uniform pace. Dr. Ziback tends to believe in the _____ model, which says that there are periods of rapid and abrupt change that are separated by periods of very little change.

a.

nurturing; natural

b.

uniform; stop-start

c.

continuity; stage

d.

none of these options

1 points

QUESTION 24

1. Which refers to development governed by automatic, genetically predetermined signals?

a.

Elaboration

b.

Natural progression

c.

Maturation

d.

Tabula rasa

1 points

QUESTION 25

1. This is a period of special sensitivity to specific types of learning. It also shapes the capacity for future development.

a.

Sensitivity period

b.

Critical period

c.

Specificity stage

d.

Tabula rasa stage

1 points

QUESTION 26

1. If you believe that your personality is developed early and can predict your personality later in life, then you believe in:

a.

continuity

b.

staging

c.

stability

d.

nurturing

1 points

QUESTION 27

1. Today, most psychologists take _____ approach to human development.

a.

a nativist

b.

an empiricist

c.

a dualist

d.

an interactionist

1 points

QUESTION 28

1. An infant’s inborn disposition is known as _____.

a.

personality

b.

reflexes

c.

temperament

d.

traits

1 points

QUESTION 29

1. Which of the following is one of Thomas and Chess’s temperament styles?

a.

An easy child who is happy, relaxed, agreeable, adjusts readily

b.

A difficult child who is moody, easily frustrated, tense, over-reactive

c.

A child who is slow-to-warm-up, shy and withdrawn

d.

All of the above

1 points

QUESTION 30

1. Serena is one-month old and is not living up to her name. She is easily frustrated, tense, and reacts more than most infants when her schedule is upset. Thomas and Chess would categorize her as _____.

a.

an easy baby

b.

a difficult baby

c.

an irritable child

d.

a slow-to-warm-up baby

1 points

QUESTION 31

1. Which of the following is TRUE regarding basic temperament?

a.

It tends to be consistent throughout early childhood and into adulthood.

b.

It tends to change as children approach adolescence.

c.

It tends to change as adolescents approach adulthood.

d.

Changes are the result of maturation, rather than environment.

1 points

QUESTION 32

1. Thomas and Chess’s concept of _____ says that parents should work with, not try to change, their child’s temperament.

a.

trial and error

b.

permissive parenting

c.

justice and caring

d.

goodness of fit

1 points

QUESTION 33

1. Which of the following is NOT emphasized in Masters and Johnson’s model for sexual therapy?

a.

Focus on the individual with the problem

b.

Integration of physiological and psychosocial factors

c.

Decreasing judgments and goal-setting

d.

Homework assignments that include specific behaviors

1 points

QUESTION 34

1. With regard to sexuality, spectatoring is the act of _____.

a.

watching others engage in sex for the purpose of improving your own performance

b.

videotaping yourself engaged in sex for the purpose of improving your future performance

c.

mentally watching and evaluating responses during sex

d.

watching pornographic videos to increase arousal and decrease inhibitions about sexuality

1 points

QUESTION 35

1. If a psychologist wanted to compare a group of six-year-old children to a group of ten-year-old children at the same time on recognition memory performance, the psychologist would use the _____ method of data collection.

a.

cross-sectional

b.

naturalistic observation

c.

longitudinal

d.

cohort

1 points

QUESTION 36

1. _____ research studies several groups of individuals at various ages, at one point in time, and provides information regarding _____.

a.

Longitudinal; age differences

b.

Cross-sectional; age differences

c.

Longitudinal; age changes

d.

Cross-sectional; age changes

1 points

QUESTION 37

1. The _____ method of developmental data collection follows one person (or a single group of people) over time, and provides information about _____.

a.

longitudinal; age changes

b.

cross-sectional; age changes

c.

cohort; age differences

d.

longitudinal; age differences

1 points

QUESTION 38

1. If a psychologist was interested in studying the stability of IQ scores over time, she should use the _____ method of data collection.

a.

Test-retest

b.

Longitudinal

c.

Case history

d.

Cross-sectional

1 points

QUESTION 39

1. _____ effects are a major problem found in cross-sectional research.

a.

Subjective

b.

Cohort

c.

Objective

d.

Longitudinal

1 points

QUESTION 40

1. The results of a cross-sectional marketing study to determine how age affects people’s beliefs about family purchases and financial planning were criticized on the ground that the data was influenced by cohort effects. This means that _____.

a.

some of the subjects belonged to ethnic minorities

b.

the subjects were self-selected by their friends and neighbors

c.

the older groups of subjects lived during the Depression

d.

only 63% of the questionnaires were returned

1 points


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