Steps to Write an Essay
Here is the basic structure that you need to follow for writing an academic essay:
- Choose the essay type
- Choose an interesting topic
- Create an outline
- Write an essay introduction
- Develop a thesis statement
- Compose body paragraphs
- Write a strong conclusion
- Review your essay
Refer to the following section for a detailed description of each step.
Choose the Essay Type
The first step is to choose the type of essay that you are writing. Choosing the right type of essay also plays an important role in the overall success of your paper. Here are the basic categories in which academic essays can be divided.
- Narrative essay
- Persuasive essay
- Descriptive essay
- Analytical essay
- Argumentative essay
- Expository essay
Knowing the type of essay will eventually help you decide on the topic and the overall structure of your essay in the best possible way.
Choose an Interesting Topic
If you are given the topic, skip to the next step, create an outline and start the writing process. If you have not given a topic, you have a little more work to do and choose your topic first. The key to choosing a good topic is to think of what interests you and what you can relate to, the most. Also, make sure that the topic you choose has sufficient research material available. Search either on the internet or in books for the topic you have chosen to write on. You can also find a list of interesting essay topics that you can explore and choose the one to write your essay on.
Create an Essay Outline
Creating an outline is very important if you want to compose an impressive piece of paper. By putting all the ideas on the paper, you can easily see connections and links between ideas in a more clear manner. If you don’t know how to write an essay outline, here are the following steps that you need to follow for structuring your essay properly.
- Write your topic at the top of the page
- List down all the main ideas
- Leave space under each idea
- In this space, list down smaller ideas that relates to the main idea
Following these steps for writing an essay outline will give you a complete idea of the themes required to be discussed in your paper.
Write an Essay Introduction
The introductory paragraph of an essay should be both attention-grabbing and informative. To learn how to write an essay introduction, you first need all the necessary information required to tell the reader about the main idea of your essay. A vague or boring introduction will give off the wrong impression, and your reader might decide not to read it any further. Here are the steps in which you can start your essay introduction that is both interesting and informative.
- Use a hook sentence and add informative or shocking revelations.
- Provide background information and context on your topic
- Define the objective of your essay
- Provide an overview of the whole essay structure
Develop a Thesis Statement
A thesis statement defines the main purpose and claims of your essay. It is typically defined in one or two sentences and is added to the end of your introductory paragraph. A perfect thesis statement has two parts. The first part states the topic and the latter states the main point of the essay. Let’s have a look at examples of thesis statements and distinguish between strong and weak thesis statements. A: “The technological advancement has revolutionized human interaction, medical progress, scientific invention and economic ventures but also manifested insecurities and privacy issues.” B: “The Internet has assisted humans in numerous ways but also affected them.” A or B? Without any doubt, A is a perfectly crafted thesis statement.
Compose Body Paragraphs
The body of an essay describes or explains your topic. Each idea that you write in the outline will be a separate paragraph within the body of the essay. Since the body is made up of multiple paragraphs, it is important that they are consistent with one another. Each body paragraph starts with a topic sentence. For those who don’t know what is a topic sentence, it is the first sentence that describes the main purpose of each paragraph. The topic sentence forms a transition between the body paragraphs. Use transitions to introduce new paragraphs such as “firstly.. secondly… thirdly…, finally, moreover, furthermore, in addition”, etc. It is a good idea to refer to the transitions words for essays to introduce new paragraphs in an impressive manner. The main aim of body paragraphs is to support your thesis by presenting evidence, facts and figures, statistics, quotes, examples, and other strong evidence. Here are the steps that you should follow for writing each body paragraph.
- Write a clear topic sentence
- Provide solid evidence to support your argument
- Provide examples
- Make sure the paragraph information is consistent
- Use transitions between paragraphs
- Conclude each paragraph by linking the evidence to your main point
Write a Strong Conclusion
The conclusion sums up the overall ideas and provides a final perspective on the topic. Concluding your essay holds the same importance as the introductory paragraph. For writing a perfect essay conclusion, provide a futuristic overview and persuade your reader about your point of view and restate the thesis statement. If you have no idea how to write a conclusion for an essay, here are the key points that you should include.
- Draw connections between the arguments mentioned in the body section
- State the outcomes
- Show the relevance and significance of the thesis statement
- Mention the broader implications of the topic
Here is the information that you should avoid writing in a conclusion:
- Don’t introduce new ideas or arguments at this stage.
- Do not undermine your arguments
- Do not write phrases like ‘in conclusion, or ‘to conclude’
Review Your Essay
If you think that you are done with your essay after writing your conclusion, you are wrong. Before considering that your work is finished, you need to do some final touches. Review your essay and make sure it follows the essay format properly. Double-check your essay instructions and make sure your essay is in the desired format. Don’t forget to check your paper for grammar and spelling mistakes as well.
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