Psychology homework help

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Psychology homework help

Adolescent Observation

This naturalistic observations should focus on adolescent or pre-adolescent (age 10 and up) peer group. These observations can be of peers fight, playing, talking, working together. The observed behavior must be social, involving two or more children or youth, and must be focused on the interactions between children or youth (not on the interactions between children or youth and adults). These observations should be naturalistic, meaning that those being observed do not know they are being observed or their behaviors don’t appear to be influenced by the observation. Psychology homework help

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The running record technique will be used. In other words, students will take notes of the behaviors they observe as they are occurring, trying to capture as much as they can. These rough notes should be turned in as the last page of your paper. Students will report on 30 minutes of naturalistic observations of each observation.

These papers should be brief 2-3 pages in length (not including the running record for the observation). Each of these short papers must:

1)         First, describe in detail a developmentally normative / appropriate behavior observed in the world. These behaviors can focus on developmental behavior observable at any stage of life after birth. These observations can be made of kids on the street, family members at a holiday celebration, a movie or tv show. For example, you might observe a conversation on the tv show “Modern Family” that relates to the stresses and pressures of parenting teens. The description of these behaviors should be complete enough to be able to identify the developmentally normative nature of the behavior and should include a description of the social and cultural context in which the behavior occurred. (1-1.5 pages). Psychology homework help

2)          Next, connect the observed behavior(s) to either a developmental theory. What developmental theory have we touched on in class that relates to the behavior? Following our example of “Modern Family”, you might relate the stresses and pressures of parenting teens to the role transitions that parents and teens are going through as described in Erikson’s psychosocial stages. (1/2 page)

3)     Third, connect the observed behavior to scholarly empirical research. What is some related research that touches on this topic of development or otherwise influences how we might interpret this behavior? Again, with our example of stresses related to parenting teens, you could do a quick search through the library website or Google scholar for “parent”, “adolescent”, and “stress”. A quick search using these terms found Laursen, Coy, & Collins’ 1998 meta-analysis on parent-child conflict in adolescence. In a couple sentences describe what the research found and how it relates to what you observed for part 1. (1/2 page). Psychology homework help

Eliana Qumseya

Naturalistic Observation on a Developmentally Normative Behavior

Normative personality development refers to the generalizable trends in characters’ expression across different stages of an individual’s growth. It results from psychological, environmental, and physical changes at predictable age periods, thus being referred to as mean-level or normative change. For this assignment, the developmentally normative/appropriate behavior that I observed was kids in the streets. I observed a child playing in the street, she is already four years old, and she loves playing with her friends. Together with other children, they played a game where she was the mother hen and needed to protect her baby chicken from the fox. I saw how she led her playmates throughout the game. Psychology homework help


Play is how children think, and that is just what a 4- to 5-year-old child should be doing. At this age, most kids start to achieve more independence, self-control, and imagination. They are happy to play with their friends for long periods. Additionally, they are excited to learn new activities and can communicate their feelings as they get upset.Another observation that I made of various children a few days ago. A few days ago, as I was walking down the street, I saw several children playing. They were 5- 8-year-old. They caught my attention as they were acting like a family. I believe their cultural and social contexts induced their play and characters. In this community, parents and children have unique behaviors. A father may have his place where he sits, and no one else, not even his wife,could sit there. It seems they were practising how the gentleman is treated in their cultural practice since all family members know he is the family’s head. Due to such influence, these children were acting the same. Every family member had beengiven their role similar to what happens in real life. I, therefore, saw it easier to connect these observations with the developmental theory of Erik Erikson. Psychology homework help

Based on the given observation, the children initiate to occupy specific roles in the playgroup, thus showing they are at the stage of Initiative vs Guilt of Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory, which ranges from ages 3-5 years old (Syed & McLean 2017). These children often assert themselves during the intervention versus shame stage by directing the play and other social activities. At this time, the children’s main traits are based on how theyinteract with other children at school at home daily. The primary virtue at this stage is purpose. A child may be a leader or a follower of a specific group. However, if this habit is suppressed in modern families, children acquire a sense of shame by critique or influence. A child will overstep frequently and mark his/her assertiveness with the risk of their parent disciplining themwhilelimitingtheir initiatives severely.

The article that I found relating to the topic is “Relationships among Cooperative Learning Experiences, Social Interdependence, Children’s Aggression, Victimization, and Prosocial Behaviors.” Some related research in this article that touches on this developmental topic is the study on prosocial behaviors, victimization, harm-intended aggression, social inter-dependence predisposition, and cooperative experiences among children’s relationships. In the research, the authors found that children who bully others fare better than those who do not bully others in most cases. Besides, they found that “competitiveness among children leads to oppositional interaction characterized by harm-intended aggression, but not prosocial behaviors (Choi et al. 2011). Therefore, if schools increased children’s cooperativeness, they can increase the frequency in which children engage in prosocial behavior while decreasing their engagement in harm-intended aggression. Psychology homework help


Choi, J., Johnson, D. W., & Johnson, R. (2011). Relationships among cooperative learning experiences, social interdependence, children’s aggression, victimization, and prosocial behaviors. Journal of Applied Social Psychology41(4), 976-1003.

Syed, M., & McLean, K. C. (2017). Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. Psychology homework help

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