FINANCE ASSIGNMENT(SEE ATTACHMENT)

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#1

The primary operating goal of a publicly-owned firm interested in serving its stockholders should be to

 a. Maximize the stock price per share over the long run, which is the stock’s intrinsic value.
 b. Maximize the firm’s expected total income.
 c. Maximize the stock price on a specific target date.
 d. Maximize the firm’s expected EPS.
 e. Minimize the chances of losses.

#2

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Free Cash Flows

Rhodes Corporation: Income Statements for Year Ending December 31 (Millions of Dollars)

  2013   2012
Sales $7,475.0   $6,500.0
Operating costs excluding depreciation 5,980.0   5,525.0
Depreciation and amortization 211.0   176.0
Earnings before interest and taxes $1,284.0   $799.0
  Less: Interest 161.0   140.0
Pre-tax income $1,123.0   $659.0
  Taxes (40%) 449.2   263.6
Net income available to common stockholders $673.8   $395.4
Common dividends $606.0   $316.0

Rhodes Corporation: Balance Sheets as of December 31 (Millions of Dollars)

  2013   2012
Assets
Cash $109.0   $91.0
Short-term investments 38.0   33.0
Accounts receivable 1,073.0   975.0
Inventories 1,248.0   1,040.0
Total current assets $2,468.0   $2,139.0
Net plant and equipment 2,106.0   1,755.0
Total assets $4,574.0   $3,894.0
Liabilities and Equity
Accounts payable $644.0   $585.0
Accruals 312.0   260.0
Notes payable 150.0   130.0
Total current liabilities $1,106.0   $975.0
Long-term bonds 1,495.0   1,300.0
Total liabilities $2,601.0   $2,275.0
Common stock 1,786.2   1,500.0
Retained earnings 186.8   119.0
Total common equity $1,973.0   $1,619.0
Total liabilities and equity $4,574.0   $3,894.0

Using Rhodes Corporation’s financial statements (shown above), answer the following questions.

a. What is the net operating profit after taxes (NOPAT) for 2013? Enter your answer in millions. For example, an answer of $1.2 million should be entered as 1.2, not 1,200,000. Round your answer to one decimal place. $______ million

b. What are the amounts of net operating working capital for both years? Enter your answer in millions. For example, an answer of $1.2 million should be entered as 1.2, not 1,200,000. Round your answers to one decimal place. 2013 $______   million 2012 $______  million

c. What are the amounts of total net operating capital for both years? Enter your answer in millions. For example, an answer of $1.2 million should be entered as 1.2, not 1,200,000. Round your answers to one decimal place. 2013 $______    million 2012 $ ______  million

d. What is the free cash flow for 2013? Enter your answer in millions. For example, an answer of $1.2 million should be entered as 1.2, not 1,200,000. Round your answer to one decimal place. $______   million

e. What is the ROIC for 2013? Round your answer to two decimal places.   ______%

f. How much of the FCF did Rhodes use for each of the following purposes: after-tax interest, net debt repayments, dividends, net stock repurchases, and net purchases of short-term investments? (Hint: Remember that a net use can be negative.) Enter your answer in millions. For example, an answer of $1.2 million should be entered as 1.2, not 1,200,000. Round your answers to one decimal place.

After-tax interest payment $______  million
Reduction (increase) in debt $______   million
Payment of dividends $______  million
Repurchase (Issue) stock $______  million
Purchase (Sale) of short-term investments $______  million

#3

Comprehensive Ratio Analysis

The Jimenez Corporation’s forecasted 2014 financial statements follow, along with some industry average ratios.

Jimenez Corporation: Forecasted Balance Sheet as of December 31, 2014

Assets  
Cash $    72,000
Accounts receivable 439,000
Inventories 894,000
  Total current assets $1,405,000
Fixed assets 431,000
Total assets $1,836,000
Liabilities and Equity
Accounts payable $   332,000
Notes payable    100,000
Accruals 170,000
  Total current liabilities $   602,000
Long-term debt 404,290
Common stock 575,000
Retained earnings 254,710
Total liabilities and equity $1,836,000

Jimenez Corporation: Forecasted Income Statement for 2014

Sales $4,290,000
Cost of goods sold 3,580,000
Selling, general, and administrative expenses 370,320
Depreciation and amortization 159,000
  Earnings before taxes (EBT) $   180,680
Taxes (40%) 72,272
Net income $   108,408
Per Share Data  
EPS $        4.71
Cash dividends per share $        0.95
P/E ratio 5.0
Market price (average) $      23.57
Number of shares outstanding 23,000
Industry Financial Ratios (2013)*  
Quick ratio 1.0
Current ratio 2.7
Inventory turnover** 7.0
Days sales outstanding*** 32.0 days
Fixed assets turn over** 13.0
Total assets turnover** 2.6
Return on assets 9.1%
Return on equity 18.2%
Profit margin on sales 3.5%
Debt-to-assets ratio 21.0%
Liabilities-to-assets ratio 50.0%
   
P/E ratio 6.0
Price/Cash flow ratio 3.5
Market/Book ratio 3.5
*Industry average ratios have been constant for the past 4 years.
**Based on year-end balance sheet figures.
***Calculation is based on a 365-day year.

Calculate Jimenez’s 2014 forecasted ratios, compare them with the industry average data, and comment briefly on Jimenez’s projected strengths and weaknesses. Round DSO to the nearest whole number. Round the other ratios to one decimal place.

Ratios Firm Industry Strong or Weak?
Quick ratio  ______ 1.0 ______ 
Current ratio  ______ 2.7  ______
Inventory turnover  ______ 7.0 ______ 
Days sales outstanding   ______days 32 days ______ 
Fixed assets turnover  ______ 13.0 ______ 
Total assets turnover  ______ 2.6 ______ 
Return on assets   ______% 9.1% ______ 
Return on equity  ______% 18.2% ______ 
Profit margin on sales   ______% 3.5% ______ 
Debt ratio   ______% 21.0% ______ 
Liabilities-to-assets  ______ 50.0% ______ 
EPS $4.71 n.a.
Stock Price $23.57 n.a.
P/E ratio  ______ 6.0 ______ 
P/CF ratio  ______ 3.5 ______ 
M/B ratio  ______ n.a.

So, the firm appears to be  well or badly  managed.

#4

Growing Annuity Payments

You want to accumulate $3 millions by your retirement date, which is 25 years from now. You will make 25 deposits in your bank, with the first occurring today. The bank pays 7.76% interest, compounded annually. You expect to get an annual raise of 5%, which will offset inflation, and you will let the amount you deposit each year also grow by 5% (i.e., your second deposit will be 5% greater than your first, the third will be 5% greater than the second, etc.). How much must your first deposit be to meet your goal? Round your answer to the nearest cent.

$__________

Required Rate of Return

Stock R has a beta of 1.5, Stock S has a beta of 0.45, the expected rate of return on an average stock is 12%, and the risk-free rate is 7%. By how much does the required return on the riskier stock exceed the required return on the riskier stock exceed that on the less risky stock? Round your answer to two decimal places.

 ___ %

#5

CMS Corporation’s balance sheet as of today is as follows:

Long-term debt (bonds, at par) $10,000,000
Preferred stock 2,000,000
Common stock ($10 par) 10,000,000
Retained earnings 4,000,000
Total debt and equity $26,000,000

The bonds have an 7.9% coupon rate, payable semiannually, and a par value of $1,000. They mature exactly 10 years from today. The yield to maturity is 12%, so the bonds now sell below par. What is the current market value of the firm’s debt?

Select the correct answer.

  $7,647,836
  $7,648,666
  $7,649,496
  $7,650,326
  $7,647,007

#6

Required Rate of Return

Stock R has a beta of 1.5, Stock S has a beta of 0.45, the expected rate of return on an average stock is 12%, and the risk-free rate is 7%. By how much does the required return on the riskier stock exceed the required return on the riskier stock exceed that on the less risky stock? Round your answer to two decimal places.

 _____%

#7 Nonconstant Growth Stock Valuation

Conroy Consulting Corporation (CCC) has been growing at a rate of 19% per year in recent years. This same non-constant growth rate is expected to last for another 2 years (g0,1 = g1,2 = 19%).

a. If D0= $2.00, rs= 9% and gL = 7%, then what is CCC’s stock worth today? Round your answer to the nearest cent. Do not round your intermediate computations. $______     What is its expected dividend yield at this time? Round the answer to two decimal places. Do not round your intermediate computations.   ______  % What is its capital gains yields at this time? Round the answer to two decimal places. Do not round your intermediate computations.       ______  %

b. Now assume that CCC’s period of supernormal growth is to last another 5 years rather than 2 years (g0,1 = g1,2 = g2,3 = g3,4 = g4,5 = 19%). How would this affect its price, dividend yield, and capital gains yield?    Select from the following: _______ I.Due to the longer period of supernormal growth, the value of the stock will be lower for each year. The total return as well as the distribution between dividend yield and capital gains yield will differ for the duration of the supernormal growth period. II.Due to the longer period of supernormal growth, the value of the stock will be higher for each year. Although the total return will remain the same, the distribution between dividend yield and capital gains yield will differ for the duration of the supernormal growth period. III.Due to the longer period of supernormal growth, the value of the stock will be lower for each year. Although the total return will remain the same, the distribution between dividend yield and capital gains yield will differ for the duration of the supernormal growth period. IV.Due to the longer period of supernormal growth, the value of the stock will be higher for each year. The total return as well as the distribution between dividend yield and capital gains yield will differ for the duration of the supernormal growth period. V.Due to the longer period of supernormal growth, the value of the stock will be higher for each year. The total return as well as the distribution between dividend yield and capital gains yield will remain the same for the duration of the supernormal growth period.

c. What will CCC’s dividend yield and capital gains yield be once its period of supernormal growth ends? (Hint: These values will be the same regardless of whether you examine the case of 2 or 5 years of supernormal growth, and the calculations are very easy.) Round the answers to two decimal places. Do not round your intermediate computations.

Dividend yield  ______  %
Capital gains yield   ______  %

d.

e. Of what interest to investors is the relationship over time between dividend yield and capital gains yield? Select from the following:______ I.It is of no interest to investors whether they receive dividend income or capital gains income, since taxes on both types of income can be delayed until the stock is sold. II.Some investors need cash dividends, while others would prefer growth. Also, investors must pay taxes each year on the dividends received during the year, while taxes on the capital gain can be delayed until the gain is actually realized. III.Some investors need cash dividends, while others would prefer growth. Also, investors must pay taxes each year on the capital gain during the year, while taxes on the dividends can be delayed until the stock is sold. IV.It is of no interest to investors whether they receive dividend income or capital gains income, since both types of income are always taxed at the same rate.V.It is of no interest to investors whether they receive dividend income or capital gains income, since taxes on both types of income must be paid in the current year.

#8

The current price of a stock is $22, and at the end of one year its price will be either $27 or $17. The annual risk-free rate is 6.0%, based on daily compounding. A 1-year call option on the stock, with an exercise price of $22, is available. Based on the binomial model, what is the option’s value? (Hint: Use daily compounding.)

 a. $2.99
 b. $3.29
 c. $3.62
 d. $2.70
 e. $2.43

#9

Top of Form

The Collins Group, a leading producer of custom automobile accessories, has hired you to estimate the firm’s weighted average cost of capital. The balance sheet and some other information are provided below.

  Assets
  Current assets $ 38,000,000
  Net plant, property, and equipment 101,000,000
  Total assets $139,000,000
 
  Liabilities and Equity
  Accounts payable $ 10,000,000
  Accruals 9,000,000
  Current liabilities $ 19,000,000
  Long-term debt (40,000 bonds, $1,000 par value) 40,000,000
  Total liabilities $ 59,000,000
  Common stock (10,000,000 shares) 30,000,000
  Retained earnings 50,000,000
  Total shareholders’ equity 80,000,000
  Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity $139,000,000

The stock is currently selling for $15.25 per share, and its noncallable $1,000 par value, 20-year, 7.25% bonds with semiannual payments are selling for $875.00. The beta is 1.25, the yield on a 6-month Treasury bill is 3.50%, and the yield on a 20-year Treasury bond is 5.50%. The required return on the stock market is 11.50%, but the market has had an average annual return of 14.50% during the past 5 years. The firm’s tax rate is 40%.

http://east.cengagenow.com/media/img/onepixel.gif

Refer to Exhibit 9.1. What is the best estimate of the firm’s WACC?

 a. 10.85%
 b. 11.19%
 c. 11.88%
 d. 11.53%
 e. 12.24%

Bottom of Form

#10

NPV and IRR Analysis

Cummings Products Company is considering two mutually exclusive investments whose expected net cash flows are as follows:

EXPECTED NET CASH FLOWS
Year Project A Project B
0 -$300 -$405
1 -387 134
2 -193 134
3 -100 134
4 600 134
5 600 134
6 850 134
7 -180 134

a. Construct NPV profiles for Projects A and B.

Select the correct graph.

http://east.cengagenow.com/ilrn/bca/user/appletImage?dbid=1058032854 http://east.cengagenow.com/ilrn/bca/user/appletImage?dbid=942569187 http://east.cengagenow.com/ilrn/bca/user/appletImage?dbid=1471844231 http://east.cengagenow.com/ilrn/bca/user/appletImage?dbid=1816884436

The correct graph (A, B, C or D) _____

b. What is each project’s IRR? Round your answers to two decimal places.  Project A   _____%  Project B   _____%

c. Calculate the two projects’ NPVs, if you were told that each project’s cost of capital was 10%. Round your answers to the nearest cent. Project A    $_____     Project B    $_____     Which project, if either, should be selected? (A or B) _____     Calculate the two projects’ NPVs, if the cost of capital was 17%. Round your answers to the nearest cent. Project A    $_____     Project B    $_____     What would be the proper choice? (A or B?) _____  

d. What is each project’s MIRR at a cost of capital of 10%? (Hint: Note that B is a 6-year project.) Round your answers to two decimal places.  Project A   _____%  Project B   _____%  What is each project’s MIRR at a cost of capital of 17%? (Hint: Note that B is a 6-year project.) Round your answer to two decimal places.  Project A   _____%  Project B   _____%

e. What is the crossover rate? Round your answer to two decimal places.   _____%  What is its significance?    Select from the following: _______ I.The crossover rate has no significance in capital budgeting analysis.  II.If the cost of capital is greater than the crossover rate, both the NPV and IRR methods will lead to the same project selection.  III.If the cost of capital is less than the crossover rate, both the NPV and IRR methods lead to the same project selections.

#11

Replacement Analysis

The Everly Equipment Company’s flange-lipping machine was purchased 5 years ago for $100,000. It had an expected life of 10 years when it was bought and is being depreciated by the straight-line method by $10,000 per year. As the older flange-lippers are robust and useful machines, it can be sold for $20,000 at the end of its useful life.

A new high-efficiency digital-controlled flange-lipper can be purchased for $130,000, including installation costs. During its 5-year life, it will reduce cash operating expenses by $45,000 per year, although it will not affect sales. At the end of its useful life, the high-efficiency machine is estimated to be worthless. MACRS depreciation will be used, and the machine will be depreciated over its 3-year class life rather than its 5-year economic life, so the applicable depreciation rates are 33.33%, 44.45%, 14.81%, and 7.41%.

The old machine can be sold today for $55,000. The firm’s tax rate is 35%, and the appropriate WACC is 12%.

a. If the new flange-lipper is purchased, what is the amount of the initial cash flow at Year 0? Round your answer to the nearest whole dollar. $_______  

b. What are the incremental net cash flows that will occur at the end of Years 1 through 5? Round your answers to the nearest whole dollar.

CF1 $_______    
CF2 $_______    
CF3 $_______    
CF4 $_______    
CF5 $_______    

c. What is the NPV of this project? Round your answer to the nearest whole dollar. $_______       Should Everly replace the flange-lipper? _______

#12

Puckett Inc. risk-adjusts its WACC to account for project risk. It uses a WACC of 8% for below-average risk projects, 10% for average-risk projects, and 12% for above-average risk projects. Which of the following independent projects should Puckett accept, assuming that the company uses the NPV method when choosing projects?

 a. Project C, which has above-average risk and an IRR = 11%.
 b. Project B, which has below-average risk and an IRR = 8.5%.
 c. Without information about the projects’ NPVs we cannot determine which project(s) should be accepted.
 d. All of these projects should be accepted.
 e. Project A, which has average risk and an IRR = 9%.

#13

The capital intensity ratio is generally defined as follows:

 a. The ratio of sales to current assets.
 b. Sales divided by total assets, i.e., the total assets turnover ratio.
 c. The ratio of current assets to sales.
 d. The percentage of liabilities that increase spontaneously as a percentage of sales.
 e. The amount of assets required per dollar of sales, or A0*/S0.

#14

AFN Equation

Broussard Skateboard’s sales are expected to increase by 15% from $8 million in 2013 to $9.2 million in 2014. Its assets totaled $3 million at the end of 2013. Baxter is already at full capacity, so its assets must grow at the same rate as projected sales. At the end of 2013, current liabilities were $1.4 million, consisting of $450,000 of accounts payable, $500,000 of notes payable, and $450,000 of accruals. The after-tax profit margin is forecasted to be 3%. Assume that the company pays no dividends. Under these assumptions, what would be the additional funds needed for the coming year? Do not round intermediate calculations. Round your answer to the nearest dollar. $ _______    

Why is this AFN different from the one when the company pays dividends?    Select from the following: ______  I. Under this scenario the company would have a lower level of retained earnings which would reduce the amount of additional funds needed.  II. Under this scenario the company would have a lower level of retained earnings but this would have no effect on the amount of additional funds needed.  III. Under this scenario the company would have a higher level of retained earnings which would reduce the amount of additional funds needed.  IV. Under this scenario the company would have a higher level of retained earnings which would increase the amount of additional funds needed.  V. Under this scenario the company would have a higher level of retained earnings but this would have no effect on the amount of additional funds needed.

#17

Sanchez Company has planned capital expenditures that total $2,000,000. The company wants to maintain a target capital structure that is 35% debt and 65% equity. The company forecasts that its net income this year will be $1,800,000. If the company follows a residual dividend policy, what will be its total dividend payment?

 a. $400,000
 b. $200,000
 c. $100,000
 d. $500,000
 e. $300,000

#18

Stock Split

Fauver Enterprises declared a 4-for-1 stock split last year, and this year its dividend is $1.10 per share. This total dividend payout represents a 10% increase over last year’s pre-split total dividend payout. What was last year’s dividend per share? Round your answer to the nearest cent.

$_____  

#19

Based on the information below for Benson Corporation, what is the optimal capital structure?

 a. Debt = 50%; Equity = 50%; EPS = $3.05; Stock price = $28.90.
 b. Debt = 80%; Equity = 20%; EPS = $3.42; Stock price = $30.40.
 c. Debt = 60%; Equity = 40%; EPS = $3.18; Stock price = $31.20.
 d. Debt = 40%; Equity = 60%; EPS = $2.95; Stock price = $26.50.
 e. Debt = 70%; Equity = 30%; EPS = $3.31; Stock price = $30.00.

#20

Capital Structure Analysis

Pettit Printing Company has a total market value of $100 million, consisting of 1 million shares selling for $50 per share and $50 million of 10% perpetual bonds now selling at par. The company’s EBIT is $11.04 million, and its tax rate is 35%. Pettit can change its capital structure either by increasing its debt to 75% (based on market values) or decreasing it to 25%. If it decides to increase its use of leverage, it must call its old bonds and issue new ones with a 14% coupon. If it decides to decrease its leverage, it will call in its old bonds and replace them with new 8% coupon bonds. The company will sell or repurchase stock at the new equilibrium price to complete the capital structure change.

The firm pays out all earnings as dividends; hence, its stock is a zero growth stock. Its current cost of equity, rs, is 14%. If it increases leverage, rs will be 16%. If it decreases leverage, rs will be 13%.

Present situation (50% debt): What is the firm’s WACC? Round your answer to three decimal places.      ______% What is the total corporate value? Enter your answer in millions. For example, an answer of $1.2 million should be entered as 1.2, not 1,200,000. Round your answer to three decimal places. $______    million

75% debt: What is the firm’s WACC? Round your answer to two decimal places.  ______ % What is the total corporate value? Enter your answer in millions. For example, an answer of $1.2 million should be entered as 1.2, not 1,200,000. Round your answer to three decimal places. $______    million

25% debt: What is the firm’s WACC? Round your answer to two decimal places.  ______% What is the total corporate value? Enter your answer in millions. For example, an answer of $1.2 million should be entered as 1.2, not 1,200,000. Round your answer to three decimal places. $______    million

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