Consider how the intervention or program was developed by systematically identifying and appraising the following program elements setting, target group, objective or desired outcomes, prevention level?
iPlay Study Systematic Developmen
You have to review the following paper [provided in PDF file]:
Collard DCM, Chinapaw MJM, van Mechelen W. Verhagen ELM. (2009). Design of the iPlay Study Systematic Development of a Physial Activity Injury Prevention Programme for Primary School Children. Sports Medicine, 39(11): 889-901.
The tasks for you is (to answer the following 2 questions), and to consider how the intervention or program was developed by systematically identifying and appraising the following program elements:
1. setting, target group, objective or desired outcomes, prevention level?
2. how the intervention was developed: strategies, approaches, theories(?), etc
Design of the iPlay Study
Systematic Development of a Physical Activity Injury
Prevention Programme for Primary School Children
Dorine C.M. Collard,1 Mai J.M. Chinapaw,1,2 Willem van Mechelen1,2
and Evert A.L.M. Verhagen1
1 EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research and Department of Public and Occupational
Health, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
2 Research Centre Body@Work TNO VUmc, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Abstract Health benefits of physical activity in children are well known. However,
a drawback is the risk of physical activity-related injuries. Children are at
particular risk for these injuries, because of a high level of exposure. Because
of the high prevalence of physical activity injuries and the negative short- and
long-term consequences, prevention of these injuries in children is important.
This article describes how we systematically developed a school-based physical
activity injury prevention programme using the intervention mapping
IM describes a process for developing theory- and evidence-based health
promotion programmes. The development can be described in six steps:
(i) perform a needs assessment; (ii) identify programme and performance
objectives; (iii) select methods and strategies; (iv) develop programme;
(v) adopt and implement; and (vi) evaluate.
First, the results of the needs assessment showed the injury problem in
children and the different risk factors for physical activity injuries. Based on
the results of the needs assessment the main focus of the injury prevention
programme was described. Second, the overall programme objective of the
injury prevention programme was defined as reducing the incidence of lower
extremity physical activity injuries. Third, theoretical methods and practical
strategies were selected to accomplish a decrease in injury incidence. The
theoretical methods used were active learning, providing cues and scenariobased
risk information, and active processing of information. The practical
strategy of the injury prevention programme was an 8-month course about
injury prevention to be used in physical education classes in primary schools.
Fourth, programme materials that were used in the injury prevention programme
were developed, including newsletters for children and parents,
posters, exercises to improve motor fitness, and an information website.
Fifth, an implementation plan was designed in order to ensure that the prevention
programme would be implemented, adopted and sustained over time.
Finally, an evaluation plan was designed. The injury prevention programme
is being evaluated in a cluster randomized controlled trial with more than
2200 children from 40 primary schools throughout the Netherlands.
LEADING ARTICLE Sports Med 2009; 39 (11): 889-901
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