BONY LANDMARK ANALYSIS and BONE IDENTIFICATION

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BONY LANDMARK ANALYSIS and BONE IDENTIFICATION

BONY LANDMARK ANALYSIS and BONE IDENTIFICATION. Read the Case Study narrative (Dem Bones) then access the bony landmark analysis document and use this document to complete the case study. Follow suggested guidelines for completing the activity.

Here is the narrative:

Dem Bones: Forensic Resurrection of a Skeleton 

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This is the document that you need to tune in for this Case Study. This is a Word file so you should be able to edit this form.

BONY LANDMARK, ANALYSIS_Case Study 2.docx 

BONY LANDMARK ANALYSIS and BONE IDENTIFICATION

Here’s what you need to do:

1. Help Tom McCune with this case by finding the bones that have all the landmarks described below. Get an image of the bone, preferably unlabeled ones, and paste the image in a Word document file. Be sure to document the source of the image so you don’t commit plagiarism.

2. Next identify the landmarks (A, B, C, etc.) by taping a corresponding letter on the part of the bone described. For example:

ANd9GcTlukAWxZNgA7frqMmLeMb4dTeMscBAYAj_yd8GRfQborm2WP0vVA

Assuming you have identified the bone as “calcaneus” draw an arrow pointing to the bone an label the arrow as “calcaneus.”

Image source: http://footdoc.org/resources/heel-pain-heel-spurs/ accessed on (indicate the actual date when you accessed the site anc copied the image)

3. Then, write the name of the bone that you believe is appropriate and indicate how many of that same bone a complete skeleton should have.

4. Finally, describe the location of this bone type in the body. You may want to include other interesting features of each bone.

Here are the 22 bones that you need to identify. You may copy and paste the form in a new file and paste the image of the bonenext to the identification information. If the images are too large, re-size the images to approximately the same size so that your document is neat and easily accessible even with slower computer.

Bone 1 contains: (A) olecranon fossa, (B) deltoid tuberosity, (C) head, and (D) medial epicondyle. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 2 contains: (A) long spinous processes, (B) transverse facets, and (C) vertebral foramen. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 3 contains: (A) medial malleolus, (B) lateral condyle, and (C) tuberosity. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 4 contains: (A) promontory, (B) superior articular process, and (C) foramina. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 5 contains: (A) acromion, (B) glenoid fossa, and (C) corocoid process. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 6 contains: (A) linea aspera, (B) lateral epicondyle, and (C) greater trochanter. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 7 contains: (A) head, and (B) lateral malleolus. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 8 contains: (A) olecranon, (B) head, and (C) styloid process. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 9 contains: (A) acromial end, and (B) sternal end. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 10 contains: (A) lamina, (B) square spinous processes, and (C) large body. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 11 contains: (A) apex, and (B) base. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 12 contains: (A) head, (B) neck, and (C) styloid process. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 13 contains: (A) transverse foramen, (B) bifid spine, and (C) small body. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 14 contains: (A) manubrium, (B) body, and (C) xiphoid process. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 15 contains: (A) costal groove, (B) shaft, and (C) head. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 16 contains: (A) capitate, (B) pisiform, and (C) triquetral. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 17 contains: (A) proximal, (B) middle, and (C) distal pieces. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 18 contains: (A) cuboid, (B) talus, and (C) calcaneous. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 19 contains: (A) greater wings, (B) sella turcica, and (C) lesser wings. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 20 contains: (A) mastoid process, (B) styloid process, and (C) zygomatic process. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 21 contains: (A) mental foramen, (B) condylar process, and (C) coronoid process. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

Bone 22 contains: (A) cribriform plate, (B) crista galli, and (C) perpendicular plate. It is the_____________________ Number in body ________ Brief description _____________________________________________________________________________________

BONY LANDMARK ANALYSIS and BONE IDENTIFICATION

Here’s what you need to do

:

1.

Help Tom McCune with this case by finding the

bones

that have all the

landmarks described below.

Get an

image of the bone

, preferably unlabeled ones,

and paste the image in a Word document file. Be sure to

document the source

of

the image so you don’t commit plagiarism.

2.

Next

identify the landmarks

(A, B, C, etc.) by taping a corresponding letter on

the part of the bone desc

ribed.

For example:

Assuming you have identified the bone as “calcaneus” draw an arrow pointing to the

bone an label the arrow as “calcaneus.”

Image source

:

http://footdoc.org/resourc

es/heel

pain

heel

spurs/

accessed on

(indicate the actual date when you accessed the site anc copied the image)

3.

Then, write the name of the bone that you believe is appropriate and indicate how

many of that same bone a complete skeleton should have.

BONY LANDMARK ANALYSIS and BONE

IDENTIFICATION

Here’s what you need to do:

1. Help Tom McCune with this case by finding the bones that have all the

landmarks described below. Get an image of the bone, preferably unlabeled ones,

and paste the image in a Word document file. Be sure to document the source of

the image so you don’t commit plagiarism.

2. Next identify the landmarks (A, B, C, etc.) by taping a corresponding letter on

the part of the bone described. For example:

Assuming you have identified the bone as “calcaneus” draw an arrow pointing to the

bone an label the arrow as “calcaneus.”

Image source: http://footdoc.org/resources/heel-pain-heel-spurs/ accessed on

(indicate the actual date when you accessed the site anc copied the image)

3. Then, write the name of the bone that you believe is appropriate and indicate how

many of that same bone a complete skeleton should have.

NATIONAL CENTER FOR CASE STUDY TEACHING IN SCIENCE

“Dem Bones” by Alease Bruce Page 1

“Tom McCune speaking. Someone found what? Where? Yes, I know the area very well. Don’t touch anything. I’ll be right over.”

Professor Th omas McCune was a 40-year-old forensic anthropologist who specialized in skeletonized human remains. Before returning to his home state of Massachusetts he had worked on high profi le cases in Washington, D.C. Now he taught osteology and anthropology at a small university and spent summers leading anthropological digs in Mexico.

Winters were usually long and quiet in his hometown with the ground frozen solid, but in the spring the thawing earth often revealed something interesting to study. Tom was excited that he had been called to examine an actual crime scene this time. Usually someone just gathered up the bones, placed them in a bag or box, and plunked them down on his desk at the university. He could now use his forensic training to help the police and medical examiner determine the identity of the individual from the very beginning of the case. Rule number one was to not move the body until the investigation was complete. Photograph the scene. Examine it for clues. Sift the soil. Th en collect and label the bones. It had been a long time, but he remembered the protocol clearly.

With a surge of adrenaline pumping through his blood, Tom grabbed his camera, hopped into his aging Toyota, and headed toward the state forest. Th ere were many nature trails through the forest. He had hiked them often, but the one off Route 125 was the one he sped toward today. Th e group of nondescript, monochromatic cars along the side of the road signaled that he was at the right location. Arnold Spector from the local police department met Tom and signaled him to follow. Th e two men walked along, cutting the brisk air with their quick strides, until they came upon an isolated trail about a mile from the road. An offi cer from homicide, the coroner’s offi ce representative, and a tall slim man with a frisky dog were waiting for them.

“Hi, I’m Tom McCune. You’ve found something that you want me to look at?”

“Yes,” answered Offi cer Garrett from the Homicide Unit. “Th is is Rob Underwood, the man who put in the 911 call. His dog found this bone.” Th e offi cer held up a large, clear plastic bag containing what was obviously a human femur.

“Where is the rest of it?” Tom asked.

“Just behind those bushes.” Offi cer Garrett motioned. “We’ve secured the site. Nothing has been touched. We haven’t even notifi ed the press yet. We were waiting for you.”

As Tom parted the bushes, he saw very clearly an area that appeared to be a partially uncovered grave. From a shallow depression in the soft earth protruded the entire half of a human pelvic bone, probably exposed by the dog. Th e acetabulum lay empty, missing its femur, which had been removed by the dog. Th e remains obviously had been there for some time.

Dem Bones: Forensic Resurrection of a Skeleton by Alease Bruce Department of Health and Clinical SciencesUniversity of Massachusetts at Lowell

NATIONAL CENTER FOR CASE STUDY TEACHING IN SCIENCE

“Dem Bones” by Alease Bruce Page 2

Credit: Photo © Picsfi ve | Dreamstime.com. Case copyright held by the National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science, University at Buff alo, State University of New York. Originally published July 9, 2001. Please see our usage guidelines, which outline our policy concerning permissible repro- duction of this work.

Tom positioned his camera and began photographing the scene. A search of the area yielded no further clues–no remnants of clothing, no signs of a disturbance–just the bones.

“Without personal eff ects, this is going to be a tough case,” Tom thought.

Th e next task was to collect and label each bone. Afterward the grounds would be sifted for additional clues. It would be up to Tom, the forensic anthropologist, to determine the age and sex of the individual and to look for signs of trauma. What secrets would these bones reveal?

http://sciencecases.lib.buffalo.edu/center/
http://sciencecases.lib.buffalo.edu/center/collection/uses/

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