A Survey of Qualitative Data Collection Methods
Qualitative research studies use varying methods of collecting data such as participant observation, written surveys and interviewing participants with the aim of gathering a boarder spectrum of perspectives and evidence to boost the trustworthiness and credibility of a particular analysis. However, other methods of interaction may not include participants, but they solely rely on the examination of artefacts, documents and other products created by human beings.
Several tools such as laptops, notepads, digital voice recorders and pens are utilized during the data collection procedure in order to detail the fieldwork activities. In qualitative research, it is the researcher who is regarded as the instrument for primary data collection. The methods employed are mechanical techniques like counting, writing, transcribing and observing, which mainly entail an effective and cognitive process like intuiting, evaluating and empathizing. I believe that the mechanical techniques used in data collection should be well documented since what individuals engage in during an entire research process is as well regarded as crucial information.A Survey of Qualitative Data Collection Methods
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Chapter 2 details more on the methods of data collection employed by most qualitative researchers. However, prior to the data collection procedure, the participants must acquire relevant institutional approvals and participation consent before studying and collecting the data. Interviewing participants is one of the data collection methods which mainly involves procedures such as preparing for the interview, documenting the interview, conducting the interview and transcribing the interview with the aim of gathering broader perspectives on all that is being researched about. Participant observation is another technique whose legacy mainly emanates from varying ethnographic research customs of anthropological studies. Initially, fieldworks were carried out to carefully observe individuals’ culture and their varying ways of living. By contrast, ethnographic techniques now also take place in both rural and urban areas with a goal of capturing individuals’ naturalistic actions, interactions and reactions that aids them to infer their feelings and thoughts effectively. I believe that most human processes of what they daily engage in are usually observed over an extended period of time in order to ensure that all individuals are available to witness the occasion and typical extraordinary events that constitute the life human beings.
Additionally, participant observation also acts as a prelude to interviewing whereby those who wish to communicate regarding what they observed are free to do so. Some methodologist has grouped the various human patterns that the qualitative researchers might observe such as individual’s behavior, interactions, events and situations, rules and social conventions, rituals and ceremonies, emotions, motivations and various cultural practices and products such as movies, paintings, television programs and theater plays. The above patterns detail on an array of effective categories for detailed observation.
Quantitative data analysis is also crucial; hence the qualitative researchers should not shy away from either researching or including statistical information relevant to the study being carried out. I believe that the mixed methods of study should not necessarily always be the norm though sometimes the number applicable in statistical data analysis can be used to include texture, insight and context to the repository of qualitative data research methods in a report. Having statistical analysis in a report don not reflect the presence of sweeping in scope. The smaller the numbers that individuals deal with on a daily basis can aid in providing various points of reference for comprehending different situations. As such, managing data corpus is beneficial for small scale qualitative studies only. A Survey of Qualitative Data Collection Methods
The strategies of data collection, such as interviewing participants and participant observations, are beneficial in enhancing the quality of a qualitative study which mainly rely on the information gathered and how it is analytically applied. Further analysis has also been carried out to determine how varying methods might be combined and configured for a specific qualitative study research consequent analysis and study.
My rationalizations, thoughts and feelings about the information detailed in the chapter, help in a better elaboration of what individuals should expect, as they live in the social world and effectively reflect on it daily. The proper comprehending of qualitative studies requires individuals to collect sufficient evidence to document the categories, patterns that human beings have created. The documentation aids to credibly and systematically extract, construct and examine from the complexity of living its essence in order to coexist in a better world. However, there are also times when the ambiguities and complexities of being human are exactly what is needed to document and effectively report with the aim of contemplating the messy mysteries of it. A Survey of Qualitative Data Collection Methods