A 38-week primigravida who works as a secretary and sits at a computer for 8 hours each day tells the nurse th a t her feet have begun to swell. Which instruction would be most effective in preventing pooling of blood in the lower extremities?

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1. A 38-week primigravida who works as a secretary and sits at a computer for 8 hours each day tells the nurse th a t her feet have begun to swell. Which instruction would be most effective in preventing pooling of blood in the lower extremities? 2. A 26-year-old, gravida 2, para 1 client is admitted to the hospital at 28-weeks gestation in preterm labor. She is given 3 doses of terbutaline sulfate (Brethine) 0.25 mg subcutaneously to stop her labor contractions. The nurse plans to monitor for which primary side effect of terbutaline sulfate? 3. When do the anterior and posterior fontanels close? 4. When assessing a client who is at 12-weeks gestation, the nurse recommends that she and her husband consider attending childbirth preparation classes. When is the best time for the couple to attend these classes? 5. The nurse should encourage the laboring client to begin pushing when… 6. The nurse instructs a laboring client to use accelerated-blow breathing. The client begins to complain of tingling fingers and dizziness. What action should the nurse take? 7. Twenty-four hours after admission to the newborn nursery, a full-term male infant develops localized edema on the right side of his head. The nurse knows that, in the newborn, an accumulation of blood between the periosteum and skull which does not cross the suture line is a newborn variation known as… 8. When does the head return to its normal shape? 9. What did Nurse theorist Reva Rubin describe? 10. A couple, concerned because the woman has not been able to conceive, is referred to a healthcare provider for a fertility workup and a hysterosalpingography is scheduled. Which post procedure complaint indicates that the fallopian tubes are patent? 11. Which nursing intervention is most helpful in relieving postpartum uterine contractions or “afterpains?” 12. Which maternal behavior is the nurse most likely to see when a new mother receives her infant for the first time? 13. A client at 32-weeks gestation is hospitalized with severe pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH), and magnesium sulfate is prescribed to control the symptoms. Which assessment finding indicates the therapeutic drug level has been achieved? 14. Urinary output must be monitored when administering magnesium sulfate and should be at least 30 ml per hour. (The therapeutic level of magnesium sulfate for a PIH client is 4.8 to 9.6 mg/dl.) What is the therapeutic level of magnesium sulfate? 15. Twenty minutes after a continuous epidural anesthetic is administered, a laboring client’s blood pressure drops from 120/80 to 90/60. What action should the nurse take? 16. A client at 28-weeks gestation calls the antepartum clinic and states that she is experiencing a small amount of vaginal bleeding which she describes as bright red. She further states that she is not experiencing any uterine contractions or abdominal pain. What instruction should the nurse provide? 17. An off-duty nurse finds a woman in a supermarket parking lot delivering an infant while her husband is screaming for someone to help his wife. Which intervention has the highest priority? 18. A pregnant client with mitral stenosis Class III is prescribed complete bedrest. The client asks the nurse, “Why must I stay in bed all the time?” Which response is best for the nurse to provide this client? 19. The nurse is teaching care of the newborn to a group of prospective parents and describes the need for administering antibiotic ointment into the eyes of the newborn. Which infectious organism will this treatment prevent from harming the infant? 20. The nurse is teaching a woman how to use her basal body temperature (BBT) pattern as a tool to assist her in conceiving a child. Which temperature pattern indicates the occurrence of ovulation, and therefore, the best time for intercourse to ensure conception? 21. The nurse is caring for a woman with a previously diagnosed heart disease who is in the second stage of labor. Which assessment findings are of greatest concern? 22. A woman with Type 2 diabetes mellitus becomes pregnant, and her oral hypoglycemic agents are discontinued. Which intervention is most important for the nurse to implement? 23. A client receiving epidural anesthesia begins to experience nausea and becomes pale and clammy. What intervention should the nurse implement first? 24. What is the normal bilirubin at 1 day old? 25. How do we lower the levels if they are not severe? 26. A 30-year-old gravida 2, para 1 client is admitted to the hospital at 26-weeks’ gestation in preterm labor. She is given a dose of terbutaline sulfate (Brethine) 0.25 mg subcutaneous. Which assessment is the highest priority for the nurse to monitor during the administration of this drug? 27. A full-term infant is admitted to the newborn nursery and, after careful assessment, the nurse suspects that the infant may have an esophageal atresia. Which symptoms is this newborn likely to have exhibited? 28. What does a child in respiratory distress look like? 29. What does a diaphragmatic hernia look like? 30. A new mother is afraid to touch her baby’s head for fear of hurting the “large soft spot.” Which explanation should the nurse give to this anxious client? 31. A client who is attending antepartum classes asks the nurse why her healthcare provider has prescribed iron tablets. The nurse’s response is based on what knowledge? 32. What is megaloblastic anemia caused by? 33. A woman who thinks she could be pregnant calls her neighbor, a nurse, to ask when she could use a home pregnancy test to diagnose pregnancy. Which response is best? 34. A 28-year-old client in active labor complains of cramps in her leg. What intervention should the nurse implement? 35. A client at 30-weeks’ gestation, complaining of pressure over the pubic area, is admitted for observation. She is contracting irregularly and demonstrates underlying uterine irritability. Vaginal examination reveals that her cervix is closed, thick, and high. Based on these data, which intervention should the nurse implement first? 36. A client in active labor is admitted with preeclampsia. Which assessment finding is most significant in planning this client’s care? 37. What is Epogen for? 38. The healthcare provider prescribes terbutaline (Brethine) for a client in preterm labor. Before initiating this prescription, it is most important for the nurse to assess the client for which condition? 39. A client with NO prenatal care arrives at the labor unit screaming, “The baby is coming!” The nurse performs a vaginal examination that reveals the cervix is 3 centimeters dilated and 75% effaced. What additional information is most important for the nurse to obtain? 40. The nurse assesses a client admitted to the labor and delivery unit and obtains the following data: dark red vaginal bleeding, uterus slightly tense between contractions, BP 110/68, FHR 110 beats/minute, cervix 1 cm dilated and uneffaced. Based on these assessment findings, what intervention should the nurse implement? 41. Immediately after birth a newborn infant is suctioned, dried, and placed under a radiant warmer. The infant has spontaneous respirations and the nurse assesses an apical heart rate of 80 beats/minute and respirations of 20 breaths/minute. What action should the nurse perform next? 42. The nurse is preparing to give an enema to a laboring client. Which client requires the most caution when carrying out this procedure? 43. The nurse is providing discharge teaching for a client who is 24 hours postpartum. The nurse explains to the client that her vaginal discharge will change from red to pink and then to white. The client asks, “What if I start having red bleeding AFTER it changes?” What should the nurse instruct the client to do? 44. One hour after giving birth to an 8-pound infant, a client’s lochia rubra has increased from small to large and her fundus is boggy despite massage. The client’s pulse is 84 beats/minute and blood pressure is 156/96. The healthcare provider prescribes Methergine 0.2 mg IM × 1. What action should the nurse take immediately? 45. A client at 32-weeks’ gestation is diagnosed with preeclampsia. Which assessment finding is most indicative of an impending convulsion? 46. A client at 32-weeks’ gestation comes to the prenatal clinic with complaints of pedal edema, dyspnea, fatigue, and a moist cough. Which question is most important for the nurse to ask this client? 47. After each feeding, a 3-day-old newborn is spitting up large amounts of Enfamil® Newborn Formula, a nonfat cow’s milk formula. The pediatric healthcare provider changes the neonate’s formula to Similac® Soy Isomil® Formula, a soy protein isolate based infant formula. What information should the nurse provide to the mother about the newly prescribed formula? 48. The nurse is performing a gestational age assessment on a full-term newborn during the first hour of transition using the Ballard (Dubowitz) scale. Based on this assessment, the nurse determines that the neonate has a maturity rating of 40-weeks. What findings should the nurse identify to determine if the neonate is small for gestational age (SGA)? (Select all that apply.) 49. The nurse is assessing a client who is having a non-stress test (NST) at 41-weeks gestation. The nurse determines that the client is not having contractions, the fetal heart rate (FHR) baseline is 144 bpm, and no FHR accelerations are occurring. What action should the nurse take? 50. A vaginally delivered infant of an HIV positive mother is admitted to the newborn nursery. What intervention should the nurse perform first? 51. A client who is in the second trimester of pregnancy tells the nurse that she wants to use herbal therapy. Which response is best for the nurse to provide? 52. A primigravida client who is 5 cm dilated, 90% effaced, and at 0 station is requesting an epidural for pain relief. Which assessment finding is most important for the nurse to report to the healthcare provider? 53. A 24-hour-old newborn has a pink papular rash with vesicles superimposed on the thorax, back, and abdomen. What action should the nurse implement? 54. When explaining “postpartum blues” to a client who is 1 day postpartum, which symptoms should the nurse include in the teaching plan? (Select all that apply.) 55. The nurse should explain to a 30-year-old gravid client that alpha fetoprotein testing is recommended for which purpose? 56. The nurse identifies crepitus when examining the chest of a newborn who was delivered vaginally. Which further assessment should the nurse perform? 57. A primigravida at 40-weeks gestation is receiving oxytocin (Pitocin) to augment labor. Which adverse effect should the nurse monitor for during the infusion of Pitocin? 58. A multigravida client at 41-weeks gestation presents in the labor and delivery unit after a non-stress test indicated that the fetus is experiencing some difficulties in utero. Which diagnostic test should the nurse prepare the client for additional information about fetal 59. While breastfeeding, a new mother strokes the top of her baby’s head and asks the nurse about the baby’s swollen scalp. The nurse responds that the swelling is caput succedaneum. Which additional information should the nurse provide this new mother? 60. A healthcare provider informs the charge nurse of a labor and delivery unit that a client is coming to the unit with suspected abruptio placentae. What findings should the charge nurse expect the client to demonstrate? (Select all that apply.) 61. A client with gestational hypertension is in active labor and receiving an infusion of magnesium sulfate. Which drug should the nurse have available for signs of potential toxicity? 62. A 42-week gestational client is receiving an intravenous infusion of oxytocin (Pitocin) to augment early labor. The nurse should discontinue the oxytocin infusion for which pattern of contractions? 63. The nurse is preparing a client with a term pregnancy who is in active labor for an amniotomy. What equipment should the nurse have available at the client’s bedside? 64. A client at 32-weeks gestation is diagnosed with preeclampsia. Which assessment finding is most indicative of an impending convulsion? 65. During labor, the nurse determines that a full-term client is demonstrating late decelerations. In which sequence should the nurse implement these nursing actions? (Arrange in order.) 1. Reposition the client 2. Increase IV fluids 3. Provide oxygen via face mask 4. Call the healthcare provider 66. What is the Silverman-Anderson Index? 67. Define Milia 68. Define Pseudo strabismus 69. Define Subarachnoid hematoma 70. Hysterosalpingography (HSG) AKA uterosalpingography 71. Define amniotomy 72. Define hyper clonus 73. Total placental previa 74. What is Methergine for? 75. How many wet diapers per day? 76. Define Terbutaline sulfate (Brethine) 77. Procardia (Nifedipine) what is it used for? 78. non-stress test (NST) – how to pass? 79. What is Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)? 80. Define Biophysical profile (BPP) Measures: • Fetal breathing movements • Fetal movements • Fetal tone • Amniotic fluid index (AFI) 81. Define Preeclampsia: Characterized by: • Hypertension • Pulmonary edema • Proteinuria • Renal insufficiency • Visual disturbances • Thrombocytopenia • Impaired liver function Use magnesium sulfate for treatment Maternity HESI 2 1. Which nursing intervention is most helpful in relieving postpartum uterine contractions or “afterpains?” a. Lying prone with a pillow on the abdomen b. Using a breast pump c. Massaging the abdomen d. Giving oxytocic medications 2. A multigravida client arrives at the labor and delivery unit and tells the nurse that her bag of water has broken. The nurse identifies the presence of meconium fluid on the perineum and determines the fetal heart rate is between 140 to 150 beats/minute. What action should the nurse implement next? a. Complete a sterile vaginal exam b. Take maternal temperature every 2 hours c. Prepare for an immediate cesarean birth d. Obtain sterile suction equipment 3. When explaining “postpartum blues” to a client who is 1 day postpartum, which symptoms should the nurse include in the teaching plan? (Select all that apply.) a. Mood swings b. Panic attacks c. Tearfulness d. Decreased need for sleep e. Disinterest in the infant 4. A client at 30-weeks gestation, complaining of pressure over the pubic area, is admitted for observation. She is contracting irregularly and demonstrates underlying uterine irritability. Vaginal examination reveals that her cervix is closed, thick, and high. Based on these data, which intervention should the nurse implement first? a. Provide oral hydration b. Have a complete blood count (CBC) drawn c. Obtain a specimen for urine analysis d. Place the client on strict bedrest 5. A client in active labor complains of cramps in her leg. What intervention should the nurse implement? a. Ask the client if she takes a daily calcium tablet b. Extend the leg and dorsiflex the foot c. Lower the leg off the side of the bed d. Elevate the leg above the heart b. Extend the leg and dorsiflex the foot 6. The nurse is caring for a woman with a previously diagnosed heart disease who is in the second stage of labor. Which assessment findings are of greatest concern? a. edema, basilar rales, and an irregular pulse b. Increased urinary output, and tachycardia c. Shortness of breath, bradycardia, and hypertension d. Regular heart rate, and hypertension 7. The nurse is teaching a woman how to use her basal body temperature (BBT) pattern as a tool to assist her in conceiving a child. Which temperature pattern indicates the occurrence of ovulation, and there for, the best time for intercourse to ensure conception? a. Between the time the temperature falls and rises b. Between 36 and 48 hours after the temperature rises c. When the temperature falls and remains low for 36 hours d. Within 72 hours before the temperature falls 8. A client who is in the second trimester of pregnancy tells the nurse that she wants to use herbal therapy. Which response is best for the nurse to provide? a. Herbs are a corner stone of good health to include in your treatment b. Touch is also therapeutic in relieving discomfort and anxiety c. Your healthcare provider should direct treatment options for herbal therapy d. It is important that you want to take part in your care 9. A mother who is breastfeeding her baby receives instructions from the nurse. Which instruction is most effective to prevent nipple soreness? a. Wear a cotton bra b. Increase nursing time gradually c. Correctly place the infant on the breast d. Manually express a small amount of milk before nursing 10. The nurse is counseling a woman who wants to become pregnant. The woman tells the nurse that she has a 36-day menstrual cycle and the first day of her menstrual period was January *. The nurse correctly calculates that the woman’s next fertile period is a. January 14-15 b. January 22-23 c. January 30-31 d. February 6-7 11. The nurse should encourage the laboring client to begin pushing when a. there is only an anterior or posterior lip of cervix left b. the client describes the need to have a bowel movement c. the cervix is completely dilated d. the cervix is completely effaced 12. One hour after giving birth to an 8-pound infant, a client’s lochia rubra has increased from small to large and her fundus is boggy despite massage. The client’s pulse is 84 beats/minute and blood pressure is 156/96. The healthcare provider prescribes Methergine 0.2 mg IM x 1. What action should the nurse take immediately? a. Give the medication as prescribed and monitor for efficacy b. Encourage the client to breastfeed rather than bottle feed c. Have the client empty her bladder and massage the fundus d. Call the healthcare provider to question the prescription 13.A A newborn, whose mother is HIV positive, is scheduled for follow-up assessments. The nurse knows that the most likely presenting symptom for a pediatric client with AIDS is: a. shortness of breath b. joint pain c. a persistent cold d. organomegaly 14.A A healthcare provider informs the charge nurse of a labor and delivery unit that a client is coming to the unit with suspected abruptio placentae. What findings should the charge nurse expect the client to demonstrate? (Select all that apply) a. Dark, red vaginal bleeding b. Lower back pain c. Premature rupture of membranes d. Increased uterine irritability e. Bilateral pitting edema f. A rigid abdomen 15. The nurse assesses a client admitted to the labor and delivery unit and obtains the following data: dark red vaginal bleeding, uterus slightly tense between contractions, BP 110/68, FHR 110 beats/minute, cervix 1 cm dilated and uneffaced. Based on these assessment findings, what intervention should the nurse implement? a. Insert an internal fetal monitor b. Assess for cervical changes q1h c. Monitor bleeding from IV sites d. Perform Leopold’s maneuvers 16.A A client who is attending antepartum classes asks the nurse why her healthcare provider has prescribed iron tablets. The nurse’s response is based on what knowledge? a. Supplementary iron is more efficiently utilized during pregnancy b. It difficult to consume 18 mg of additional iron by diet alone c. Iron absorption is decreased in the GI tract during pregnancy d. Iron is needed to prevent megaloblastic anemia in the last trimester 17.A A 42-week gestational client is receiving an intravenous infusion of oxytocin (Pitocin) to augment early labor. The nurse should discontinue the oxytocin infusion for which pattern of contractions? a. Transition labor with contractions every 2 minutes, lasting 90 seconds each a. Early labor with contractions every 5 minutes, lasting 40 seconds each c. Active labor with contractions every 31 minutes, lasting 60 seconds each d. Active labor with contractions every 2 to 3 minutes, lasting 70 to 80 seconds each 18. Which maternal behavior is the nurse most likely to see when a new mother receives her infant for the first time? a. She eagerly reaches for the infant, undresses the infants, and examines the infant completely b. Her arms and hands receive the infant and she then traces the infant’s profile with her fingertips c. Her arms and hands receive the infant and she then cuddles the infant to her own body d. She eagerly reaches for the infant and then holds the infant close to her own body 19. Client teaching is an important part of the maternity nurse’s role. Which factor has the greatest influence on successful teaching on the gravid client? a. The client’s readiness to learn b. The client’s educational background c. The order in which the information is presented d. The extent to which the pregnancy was planned 20. During labor, the nurse determines that a full-term client is demonstrating late decelerations. In which sequence should the nurse implement these nursing actions? (Arrange in order) a. Provide oxygen via face mask b. Reposition the client c. Increase IV fluid d. Call the healthcare provider 1. Reposition the Client – b. 2. Provide oxygen via face mask – a. 3. Increase IV fluid – c. 4. Call the healthcare provider – d. 21. The nurse is teaching care of the newborn to a group of prospective parents and describes the need for administering antibiotic ointment into the eyes of the newborn. Which infectious organism will this treatment prevent from harming the infant? a. Herpes b. Staphylococcus c. Gonorrhea d. Syphilis 22. The nurse identifies crepitus when examining the chest of a newborn who was delivered vaginally. Which further assessment should the nurse perform? a. Elicit positive scarf sign on the affected side b. Observe for an asymmetrical Moro (startle) reflex c. Watch for swelling of fingers on the affected side d. Note paralysis of affected extremity and muscles 23. The nurse is calculating the estimated date of confinement (EDC) using Nagele’s rule for a client whose last menstrual period started on December 1. Which date is most accurate? a. August 1 b. August 10 c. September 3 d. September 8 24.A A woman who had a miscarriage 6 months ago becomes pregnant. Which instruction is most important is most important for the nurse to provide this client? a. Elevate lower legs while resting b. Increase caloric intake by 200 to 300 calories per day c. Increase water intake to 8 full glasses per day d. Take prescribed multivitamin and mineral supplements 25. The total bilirubin level of a 36-hour, breastfeeding newborns is 14 mg/dl. Based on this finding, which intervention should the nurse implement? a. Feed the newborn sterile water hourly b. Encourage the mother to breastfeed frequently c. Assess the newborn’s blood glucose level d. Encourage the mother to breastfeed frequently 26. Which assessment finding should the nursery nurse report to the pediatric healthcare provider? a. Blood glucose level of 45 mg/dl b. Blood pressure of 82/45 mmHg c. Non-bulging anterior fontanel d. Central cyanosis when crying 27.A A client who gave birth to a healthy 8-pound infant 3 hours ago is admitted to the postpartum unit. Which nursing plan is best in assisting this mother to bond with her newborn infant? a. Encourage the mother to provide total care for her infant b. Provide privacy, so the mother can develop a relationship with the infant c. Encourage the father to provide most of the infant’s care during hospitalization d. Meet the mother’s physical needs and demonstrate warmth toward the infant 28.A A client receiving epidural anesthesia begins to experience nausea and becomes pale and clammy. What intervention should the nurse implement first? a. Raise the foot of the bed b. Assess for vaginal bleeding c. Evaluate the fetal heart rate d. Take the client’s blood pressure 29. The nurse is providing discharge teaching for a client who is 24 hours postpartum. The nurse explains to the client that her vaginal discharge will change from red to pink and then to white. The client asks, “What if I start having red bleeding after it changes?” What should the nurse instruct the client to do? a. Reduce activity level and notify the healthcare provider b. Go to bed and assume a knee-chest position c. Massage the uterus and go to the emergency room d. Do not worry as this is a normal occurrence Lochia should progress in stages from rubra (red) to serosa (pinkish) to alba (whitish), and not return to red. The return to rubra usually indicates subinvolution of infection. 30.A A pregnant client with mitral stenosis Class III is prescribed complete bedrest. The client asks the nurse, “Why must I stay in bed all the time?” Which response is best for the nurse to provide this client? a. Complete bedrest decreases oxygen needs and demands on the heart muscle b. We want your baby to be healthy, and this is the only way we can make sure that will happen again c. I know you’re upset. Would you like to talk about somethings you could so while in bed? d. Labor is difficult, and you need to use this time to rest before you have to assume all child-caring duties To help preserve cardiac reserves, the woman may need to restrict her activities and complete bedrest is often prescribes (A). 31. A pregnant woman comes to the prenatal clinic for an initial visit. In reviewing her childbearing history, the client indicated that she has delivered premature twins, one full- term baby, and has had no abortions. Which GTPAL should the nurse document in this client’s record? a. 3-1-2-0-3 b. 4-1-2-0-3 c. 2-1-2-1-2 d. 3-1-1-0-3 (D) describes the correct GTPAL. The client has been pregnant 3 times including the current pregnancy (G-3). She had one full-term infant (T-1). She also had a preterm (P- 1) twin pregnancy (a multifetal gestation is considered one birth when calculating parity). There were no abortions (A-0), so this client has a total of 3 living children. 32.A A client at 32-weeks gestation comes to the prenatal clinic with complaints of pedal edema, dyspnea, fatigue, and a moist cough. Which question is most important for the nurse to ask this client? a. Which symptom did you experience first? b. Are you eating large amounts of salty foods? c. Have you visited a foreign country recently? d. Do you have a history of rheumatic fever? Clients with a history of rheumatic fever (D) may develop mitral valve prolapse, which increases the risk for cardiac decompensation due to the increased blood volume that occurs during pregnancy, so obtaining information about the client’s health history is priority. 33.A A 35-year-old primigravida client with severe preeclampsia is receiving magnesium sulfate via continuous IV infusion. Which assessment data indicates to the nurse that the client is experiencing magnesium sulfate toxicity? a. Deep tendon reflexes 2+ b. Blood pressure 140/90 c. Respiratory rate 18/minute d. Urine output 90 ml/4 hours Urine outputs of less than 100 ml/4 hours (D), absent DTRs, and a respiratory rate of less than 12 breaths/minute are cardinal signs of magnesium sulfate toxicity 34.A A client is admitted with the diagnosis of total placenta previa. Which finding is most important for the nurse to report to the healthcare provider immediately? a. Heart rate of 100 beats/minute b. Variable fetal heart rate c. Onset of uterine contractions d. Burning urination Total (complete) placenta previa involves the placenta covering the entire cervical is (opening). The onset of uterine contractions (C) places the client at risk for dilation and placental separation, which causes painless hemorrhaging. 2017 HESI 1. One hour after delivery, the nurse is unable to palpate the uterine fundus of a client who had an epidural and notes a large amount of lochia on the perineal pad. The nurse massages at the umbilicus and obtains current vital signs. Which intervention should the nurse implement next? A. Document number of pad changes in the last hour B. Increase the rate of the oxytocin infusion C. Palpate the suprapubic area for bladder distention D. Provide bedpan to void if unable to ambulate 2. After breast-feeding 10 minutes at each breast, a new mother calls the nurse to the postpartum room to help change the newborns diaper. As the mother begins the diaper change, the newborn spits up the breast milk. What action should the nurse implement first? A. Wipe away the spit-up and assist the mother with the diaper change B. Turn the newborn to the side and bulb suction the mouth and nares C. Sit the newborn up and burp by rubbing or patting the upper back D. Place the newborn in a position with the head lower than the feet 3. A client delivers a viable infant but begins to have excessive uncontrolled vaginal bleeding after the IV Pitocin is infused. When notifying the hcp of the client’s condition, what information is most important for the nurse to provide? A. Total amount of Pitocin infused B. Maternal Blood pressure C. Maternal Apical Pulse rate D. Time Pitocin infusion completed 4. The nurse is caring for a newborn infant who was recently diagnosed with congenital heart defect. Which assessment finding warrants immediate intervention by the nurse? A. Sweating during feedings B. Weak peripheral pulse C. Bluish tinge to the tongue D. Increased respiratory rate 5. A client who delivered a healthy newborn an hour ago asks the nurse when she can go home. Which information is most important for the nurse to provide the client? A. When ambulating to void does not cause dizziness B. After the vitamin K injection is given to the baby C. After the baby no longer demonstrates acrocyanosis D. When there is no significant vaginal bleeding 6. A client at 33- weeks gestation is admitted with a moderate amount of vaginal bleeding and no contractions are noted on the external monitor. Which intervention should the nurse implement? A. Weight perineal pads B. Weight daily C. Measure intake and output D. Ambulate 15 minutes QID 7. A client at 20 weeks gestation comes to the antepartum clinic complaining of vaginal warts (human papillomavirus). What information should the nurse provide this client? A. Treatment options, while limited due to the pregnancy, are available B. The client should be treated with Penicillin G C. This client should be treat with acyclovir (Zovirax) D. Termination of the pregnancy should be considered 8. One week after missing her menstrual period, a woman performs an OTC pregnancy test and it is positive. Which hormone is responsible for producing the positive result? A. Human placental lactogen B. Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone C. Human chorionic gonadotrophin D. Prostaglandin E2 Alpha 9. A new mother, who is lacto-ovo vegetarian, plans to breastfeed her infant. What information should the nurse provide prior to discharge? A. Avoid using lanolin-based nipple cream or ointment B. Continue prenatal vitamins with B12 while breast feeding C. Offer iron- fortified supplemental formula daily D. Weigh the baby weekly to evaluate the newborns growth 10. A primigravida at 36-weeks gestation, who is Rh negative, experienced abdominal trauma in a motor vehicle collision. Which assessment finding is most important for the nurse to report to the health care provider? A. Fetal heart rate of 162 beats/minute B. Trace of protein in the urine C. Positive fetal hemoglobin test D. Mild contractions every 10 minutes 11. The nurse is caring for a postpartum patient who is exhibiting symptoms of spinal headaches 24 hours following delivery of a normal newborn. Prior to anesthesiologist’s arrival on the unit, which action should the nurse perform? A. Place procedure equipment at bedside B. Apply an abdominal binder C. Cleanse the spinal injection site D. Insert an indwelling Foley catheter 12. The nurse is counseling a client who is at 6 weeks gestation and is experiencing morning sickness but does not want to take any drugs for this discomfort. Which herbal supplement is likely to help this client with the nausea she is experiencing? A. Gingko B. Chamomile C. Peppermint D. Ginger 13. The nurse is assessing a postpartum client who delivered a 10-pound infant vaginally two hours ago. The clients fundus is 2 fingerbreadths above the umbilicus, deviated to the right side, and boggy. After the client voids 250 ml of urine using a bedpan, what action should the nurse implement? A. Re-evaluate the client in 15 minutes B. Assist the client to the bathroom to void C. Palpate the suprapubic region for distention D. Encourage the client to breastfeed 14. At 0600 while admitting a woman for a scheduled repeat c section, the client tells the nurse that she drank a cup of coffee at 0400 because she wanted to avoid getting a headache. What action should the nurse take first? a. Ensure preoperative lab results are available b. Start prescribed IV with Lactated Ringers c. Inform the anesthesia care provider d. Contact the client’s obstetrician 15.A A client who is in active labor is receiving magnesium sulfate and begin to experience slurred speech and decreased reflexes. Which action should the nurse implement first? A. Obtain a serum magnesium level B. Measure the clients hourly urinary output C. Provide an emesis basin for vomiting D. Turn off the magnesium sulfate infusion 16.A A 3-hour old male infant’s hands are feet are cyanotic, and he has an axillary temperature of 96.5 F, a respiratory rate of 40 breaths/min, and a heart rate of 165 beats/min. Which nursing intervention is best for the nurse to implement? A. Perform a heel- stick to monitor blood glucose level B. Gradually warm the infant under a radiant heat source C. Administer oxygen by mask at 2L/minute D. Notify the pediatrician of the infant’s unstable vital signs 17. Calculated by Nagele’s rule, a primigravida client is at 28 weeks gestation. She is moderately obese and carrying twins and the nurse measures her fundal height at 27 cm. During the previous visit 3 weeks ago, the fundal height measured at 28 cm. Based on these findings, what should the nurse conclude? A. Fundal height measurement may indicate intrauterine growth retardation B. The healthcare provider needs to be notified immediately since this fundal height measurement is greater than expected C. Confirm the fundal height measurement with another nurse D. Recognize this as a reasonable fundal height measurement for this client 18. Following the vaginal delivery of a large for gestation age (LGA) infant, a woman is admitted to the ICU due to post-partum hemorrhaging. The client’s medical record describes Jehovah’s Witness notes as her religion. What action should the nurse take next? A. Inform the client of the critical need for a blood transfusion B. Obtain consent from the family to infuse packed red blood cells C. Clarify the clients wishes about receiving blood products D. Prepare to infuse multiple units of fresh frozen plasma 19. The nurse is assessing a 35-week primigravida with a breech presentation who is experiencing moderate uterine contraction every 3-5 minutes. During the examination the client tells the nurse, “I think my water just broke”. Inspection of the perineal area reveals the umbilical cord protruding from the vagina. After activating the call bell system for assistance, what intervention should the nurse implement? A. Administer oxygen at 10 liters via face mask B. Don gloves and push the cord back into the vagina C. Wrap the umbilical cord with sterile gauze D. Position the client into a knee-chest position 20. The nurse is discussing involution with a post-partum client. Which statement best indicates that the client understands the effect of breastfeeding on the resumption of menstrual cycle? A. “My period will most likely return in 6 to 8 months” B. “I should expect my period to return in 6 to 8 weeks” C. “My period started as soon as the baby was born” D. “While I am breastfeeding, my period may be delayed” 21.A A diabetic client delivers a full term large for gestational age infant who is jittery. What action should the nurse take first? A. Obtain a blood glucose level B. Administer oxygen C. Feed the infant glucose water (10%) D. Decrease environmental stimuli 22.A A 30- year-old primigravida delivers a 9-pound infant vaginally after a 30- hour labor. What is the priority nursing action for this client? A. Observe for signs of uterine hemorrhage B. Encourage direct contact with the infant C. Assess the blood pressure for hypertension D. Gently massage fundus every four hours 23. A multigravida client in labor is receiving oxytocin Pitocin 4mu/minute to help promote an effective contraction pattern. The available solution is Lactated Ringers 1,000 ml with Pitocin 20 units. The nurse should program the infusion pump to deliver how many ml/hr.? ANS: 12 24.A A term multigravida, who is receiving oxytocin (Pitocin) for labor augmentation, is requesting pain medication. Review of the client’s record indicates that she was medicated 30 minutes ago with butorphanol (Stadol) 2 mg and promethazine (Phenergan) 25 mg IV push. Vaginal examination reveals that the clients cervical dilation is 3 cm, 70% effaced, and at a 0 station. What action should the nurse implement? A. Medicate the client with an additional 1 mg of Stadol IV push B. Instruct the client to use deep breathing during a contraction C. Discontinue the Pitocin infusion D. Notify the healthcare provider 25. The parents of a newborn tell the nurse that their baby is already trying to walk. How should the nurse respond? A. Encourage the parents to report this to the healthcare provider B. Explain the newborns normal stepping reflex C. Acknowledge the parent’s observation D. Schedule the newborn for further neurological testing 26. At 34- weeks gestation, a primigravida is assessed at her bimonthly clinic visits, which assessment finding is important for the nurse to report to the hcp? A. Increased appetite B. Fetal heart rate of 110 beats/minute C. Fundus below the xiphoid D. Weight gain of 7 pounds 27.A A newborn infant is receiving immunization prior to discharge. Which action should the nurse implement? A. Give the first dose of the vaccine for Rotavirus if any siblings have diarrhea now B. Ask the mother if she wants the infant immunized for Haemophilus influenza C. Prepare the first dose for Diphtheria, tetanus toxoid and acellular pertussis (DTap) D. Obtain signed consent from the mother for administration of hepatitis B vaccine 28.A A multiparous woman at 38-weeks gestation with a history of rapid progression of labor is admitted for induction due to signs and symptoms of preeclampsia. One hour after the Pitocin infusion is initiated, she complains of a headache. Her contractions are occurring every 1 to 2 minutes, lasting 60 to 75 seconds, and a vaginal exam indicates that her cervix is 90% effaced and dilated to 6 cm. What intervention is most important for the nurse to implement? A. Turn the client on her left side B. Discontinue the Pitocin infusion C. Prepare for immediate delivery D. Measure deep tendon reflexes 29. Which topic is most important for the nurse to include in a nutrition teaching program for pregnant teenagers? A. Gestational diabetes B. Iron-deficiency anemia C. Excessive weight gain D. Elevated cholesterol 30. The nurse is assessing a 38- week gestation newborn infant immediately following a vaginal birth. Which assessment finding best indicates that the infant is transitioning well to extra-uterine life? A. Flexion of all four extremities B. Cries vigorously when stimulated C. Heart rate of 22 beats/minute D. A positive Babinski reflexes 31. While caring for a laboring client on continuous fetal monitoring, the nurse notes a fetal heartrate pattern that falls and rises abruptly with a “V” shaped appearance. What action should the nurse take first? A. Prepare for a potential cesarean B. Allow the client to begin pushing C. Administer oxygen at 10/L by mask D. Change the maternal position 32. A 32- week primigravida who is in preterm labor receives a prescription for an infusion of D5W 500 ml with magnesium sulfate 20 grams at 1 gram/hour. How many ml/hours should the nurse program the infusion pump? 33. During the admission of a newborn, the nurse identifies a localized swelling that does not cross the suture line on the posterior area of the parietal bone. What action should the nurse implement? A. Assess neurological vital signs every 4 hours B. Apply direct pressure to the caput succedaneum (THIS ONE CROSSES THE SUTURE LINES) C. Submit a request for a stat CT scan of the head D. Notify the pediatrician of the cephalohematoma (THIS ONE DOES NOT CROSS THE SL & IS MORE CRITICAL) 34. The nurse if caring for a postpartum client who is complaining of severe pain and a feeling of pressure in her perineum. Her fundus if firm and she has a moderate lochia flow. On inspection, the nurse finds that a perineal hematoma is beginning to form. Which assessment finding should the nurse obtain first? A. Heart rate and blood pressure B. Abdominal contour and bowel sounds C. Urinary output and IV fluid intake D. Hemoglobin and Hematocrit 35.A A multiparous client at 38- weeks gestation is admitted to labor and delivery with a compliant of contractions 5 minutes apart. While the client is in the bathroom changing into a hospital gown, the nurse hears a baby crying. What action should the nurse take first? A. Inspect the client’s perineum B. Turn on the infant warmer C. Notify a healthcare provider D. Push the call light for help 36.A A client who is receiving oxytocin (Pitocin) to augment early labor begins to experience hyper systolic or tetanic contractions with variable fetal heart decelerations. Which action should the nurse implement? A. Reposition the fetal monitor transducers B. Alert the charge nurse to the patient’s condition C. Turn off the Pitocin infusion D. Decrease the rate of the Pitocin infusion 37. The nurse is assessing a newborn who was precipitously delivered at 38 weeks gestation. The newborn is tremulous, tachycardic, and hypertensive. Which assessment action is most important for the nurse to implement? A. Determine reactivity of neonatal reflexes B. Perform gestational age assessment C. Weight and measure the newborn D. Obtain a drug screen for cocaine 38.A A new infant is receiving positive pressure ventilation after delivery. Based on which assessment finding should the nurse initiate chest compressions? A. Apgar score 7 B. Heart rate 54 C. Limp muscle tone D. Central cyanosis 39. The nurse is scheduling a client with gestational diabetes for an amniocentesis because the fetus has an estimated weight of 8 pounds at 36- weeks gestation. This amniocentesis is being performed to obtain which information? A. Presence of a neural tube defect B. Gender of the fetus C. Fetal lung maturity D. Chromosomal abnormalities 40. Vaginal prostaglandin gel is used to induce labor for a woman who is at 42 weeks gestation. Thirty minutes after insertion of the gel, the client complains of vaginal warmth, and is experiencing 90 second contractions with fetal heart rate decelerations. What action should the nurse implement first? A. Notify the hcp B. Assess the maternal vital signs C. Turn to a side-lying position D. Increase the IV infusion rate 41.A A woman who delivered a normal newborn 24 hours ago complains, “I seem to be urinating every hour or so. Is that ok?”. Which action should the nurse implement? A. Catheterize the client for residual urine volume B. Measure the next voiding, then palpate the client’s bladder C. Evaluate for normal involution, then massage the fundus D. Obtain a specimen for urine culture and sensitivity 42.A A client whose labor is being augmented with an oxytocin (Pitocin) infusion requests an epidural for pain control. Findings of the last vaginal exam performed 1 hour ago, were 3 cm cervical dilation, 60% effacement, and a -2 station. What action should the nurse implement first? A. Determine current cervical dilation B. Request placement of the epidural C. Give bolus of intravenous fluids D. Decrease the oxytocin infusion rate 43. The health care provider hands a newborn to the nurse after a vaginal delivery. What action is most important for the nurse to implement? A. Allow the mother to touch the infant B. Complete a physical assessment C. Place the infant under a warming unit D. Determine the APGAR score 44. The father of a 3- day- old infant who is breast feeding calls the postpartum help line to report that his wife is acting strangely. She is irritable, cannot cope with the baby, and frequently cried for no apparent reason. What information is most important for the nurse to provide to this father? A. A fluctuation in hormones in the early postpartum period can cause mood changes B. Recommend giving supplemental bottle feedings to the baby between breast feeding C. Contact the clinic if the behaviors continue for more than two weeks or become worse D. Tell the father to count the newborns number of soiled diapers over the next few days 2018 HESI 1. The nurse is teaching a client with gestational diabetes about nutrition and insulin need for pregnancy. Which content should the nurse include in this client teaching plan? A) Insulin production is decreased during pregnancy B) increase daily caloric intake is needed C) injection requirements remain the same D) Blood sugars need less monitoring in the first trimester 2. A 38-week primigravida client who is positive for group A beta streptococcus receives a prescription for cefazolin 2grams IV to be infused over 30mins. The medications available in 2 grams/100ml of normal saline. The nurse should program the infusion pump to deliver how many ml/hours? 1.6ml/hr. 3. When performing daily head to toe assessment of a 1-day old newborn the nurse observes yellow tint to the skin on the forehead, sternum and abdomen. What action should the nurse take? A) measure bilirubin levels using transcutaneous bilirubinometer. B) review maternal medical records for blood type and Rh factor C) Prepare the newborn for phototherapy D) Evaluate cord a result 4. A new mother asks the nurse about an area of swelling on her baby head near the posterior fontanel that lies across the suture lines. How should the nurse respond? A) That’s called caput succedaneum. It will absorb and cause no problems. B) That is called a cephalohematoma. It will cause no problems. C) That is called a cephalohematoma. It can cause jaundice as it is. D) That is called caput succedaneum. It will have to be drained. 5. A 39-week gestational multigravida is admitted to labor and delivery spontaneous rupture of membranes and contraction occurring 2 to 3 minutes. A vaginal exam indicates that the cervix is dilated 6cm, 90% effaced and the fetus is at a +2 station. During the last 45 minutes the fetal heart rate has ranged between 170 and 180 beats/minute. What action should the nurse implement? A) Obtain a blood specimen for hemoglobin B) Take an oral maternal temperature C) Straight Catheterize client D) Send amniotic fluid for analysis 6. An obviously pregnant woman walks into the hospital’s emergency department entrance shouting. “Help me! Help me! My baby is coming! I’m so afraid!” The nurse determines if delivery is indeed imminent, what action is most important for the nurse to take? A) Determines the gestational age of fetus B) Assess the amount and color of the amniotic fluid C) Obtain peripheral IV access and begin administration of IV fluids D) Provide clear concise instructions in a calm, deliberate manner 7. A client who is 3 weeks postpartum tells the nurse. “I am so tired all the time. I didn’t know having a baby would be so hard.” What response should the nurse provide. a) It is common to feel exhausted for the first 3 months. Try to sleep when the baby sleeps. b) It is normal to feel tired for the first couple weeks. Be patient with yourself and rest more. c) You should not be doing any housework. Are any of your family members helping you? d) Adjusting to a new baby can be difficult. Tell me more about any help you are receiving. 8. The home health nurse visits a client who delivered a full-term baby three days ago. The mother reports that the infant is waking up every 2 hours to bottle feed. The nurse notes white, curl-like patches on the newborns oral mucous membranes. What action should the nurse implement? A) Discuss the need for medication to treat curl-like oral patches B) Suggest switching the infant’s formula C) Assess the baby’s blood glucose level D) Remind mother not put the baby to bed with a propped bottle 9. One hour after delivery the nurse is unable to palpate the uterine fundus of a client who had an epidural and notes a large amount of lochia on the perineal pad. The nurse massages at the umbilicus and obtains current vital signs. Which intervention should the nurse implement next. A) Document number of pad changes in the last hour B) Provide bedpans to void if unable to ambulate C) Palpate the supra pubic area for bladder distention D) Increases the rate of the oxytocin infusion 10. The father of a 3-day old infant who is breast feeding calls the postpartum help line to report that his wife is acting strangely. She is irritable, cannot cope with the baby, and frequently cries for no appeared reason. What information is most important for the nurse to provide the father? A) Contact the clinic if the behaviors continue for more than two weeks or becomes worse B) Tell the father count the newborns number of soiled diapers over the next few days. C) A fluctuation in hormones in the early postpartum period can cause mood changes. D) Recommend giving supplemental bottle feedings to the baby between breast feeding. 11. Which action should the nurse take if an infant, who was born yesterday weighing 7.5lbs (3,317grams) weights 7 lbs. (3,175grams) today. A) Monitor the stool and urine output of the neonate for the last 24 hours B) Inform and assure the mother that this is a normal weight loss C) Encourages the mother to increase frequency of breastfeeding. D) After verifying the accuracy of the weight, notify the healthcare provider. 12.A A term multigravida, who is receiving oxytocin for labor augmentation is requesting pain medication. Review of the clients record indication that she was medicated 30minutes ago with butorphanol (Stadol) 2mg and promethazine (Phenergan) 25mg IV push. Vaginal examination reveals that the client cervical dilation is 3cm, 70% effaced, and at a 0 station. What action should the nurse implement? A) Discontinue the Pitocin infusion B) Medicate the client with an additional 1mg of Stadol IV push C) Notify the healthcare provider D) Instruct the client to use deep breathing during contraction 13.A A woman who delivered a 9-pound baby boy by cesarean section under spinal anesthesia is recovering in the post anesthesia care unit. Her fundus is firm, at the umbilicus, and a continues trickles of bright red blood with no clots from the vagina in observed by the nurse. Which actions should the nurse implemented. A) Massage the fundus B) Assess her blood pressure C) Apply ice pack to perineum D) Let the infant breast feed 14.A A newborn infant is receiving immunization prior discharge. Which action should the nurse implement? A) Give the first dose of the vaccine for rotavirus if any have diarrhea now. B) Obtain signed consent from the mother for administration of hepatitis B vaccine C) Prepare the first dose for DTaP D) Ask the mother if she wants the infant immunized for 15.A A new mother, who is a lacto-ovo vegetarian, plans to breastfeed her infant. What information should the nurse provide prior to discharge. A) Avoid using lanolin-based nipple cream or ointment B) Offer iron-fortified supplemental formula daily. C) Continue prenatal vitamins with B12 while breast feeding D) Weight the baby weekly to evaluate the newborn’s growth 16. When teaching a gravid client how to perform kick (fetal movement) counts which instruction should the nurse includes. A) Exercise for 15 before starting the counting to help increase fetal movement B) Count the movements once daily for one hour, before breakfast C) Avoid caffeinated drinks for 24 hours before conducting the kick test. D) If 10 kicks are not felt within 1hr, drink orange juice and count for another hour. 17.A A client at 38- weeks gestation complaints of severe abdominal pain. Upon the nurse notes that the abdomen is rigid. A) Placenta previa B) Oligohydramnios C) Abruptio placenta D) Chorioamnionitis 18.A A 26-week gestational primigravida who is carrying twins is seen in the clinic today. Her fundal height in measured at 29cm. Based on these findings what actions the nurse implement. A) Notify the healthcare provider of the finding B) Document the finding in the medical record C) Schedule the client for a biophysical profile D) Request another nurse measure the fundus 19. The nurse is performing a newborn assessment. Which symptoms if present in newborn, would indicate respiratory distress? A) Abdominal breathing with synchronous chest movement B) Shallow and irregular respirations C) Flaring of the nares D) Respiratory rate of 50 breaths per minute 20. The nurse is caring for a laboring client who is GBS+ (Group B streptococcus). Which immediate treatment is indicated for this client? A) Administration of Pitocin B) Artificial rupture of the membrane C) Amnioinfusion for the baby D) Administration of antibodies 21. The nurse examines a client who is admitted in active labor and determines the cervix is 3cm dilated 50% effaced, and the presenting part is at 0 stations. An hour later, she tells the nurse that she wants to go to the bathroom. Which action should the nurse implement first. A) Check the pH of the vaginal fluid B) Review the fetal heart rate pattern C) Palpate the client’s bladder D) Determine cervical dilation 22. The nurse’s assessment of a preterm infant reveals decreased muscle tone, signs of respiratory difficulty, irritability, and mottled, cool skin. Which intervention should the nurse implement first? A) Position radiant warmer over the crib B) Assess the infants blood glucose level C) Nipple feed 1 ounce 1% glucose in water D) Place the infant in side-lying position 23. Which content should the nurse plan to include in a nutrition class for pregnant adolescents? (select all that apply) A) Take iron and calcium supplements daily B) Gain no more than 15 pounds during the pregnancy C) Increase food intake by 300 to 400 calorie /day D) Take folic acid supplement daily E) Maintain current protein intake 24. The healthcare provides prescribes 10units/L of oxytocin (Pitocin) via IV drips to augment a client labor because she is experiencing a prolonged active phase. Which finding would cause the nurse to immediately discontinue the oxytocin? A) uterus soft B) contraction duration of 100 seconds C) four contractions in 10 minutes D) Early deceleration of fetal heart rate 25.A A new mother who is breastfeeding her 4-week old infant and has type 1 diabetes, reports that her insulins needs have decreased since the birth of her child. What action should the nurse implement? A) Inform her that a decrease for insulin occurs while breastfeeding B) Advice the client to breastfeed more frequently C) Counsel her to increase her calories retake D) Schedule an appointment for the client with diabetic nurse educator 26.A A diabetic client delivers a full-term large for gestation- age (LGA) infant who is jittery action should the nurse take first? A) Administer oxygen B) Feed the infant glucose water (10%) C) Obtain a blood glucose level D) Decrees environment stimuli 27. The postpartum admission prescription for a client who delivered a healthy newborn includes one liter of lactated ringers with oxytocin 20units to infuse over 8 hours. How many milliunits /minute is the clients receiving? 0.4 28.A A pregnant, homeless woman who has received no prenatal care presents to the clinic in her third trimester because she is having vaginal bleeding but reports that she is not in pain. Ultrasound reveals a placenta previa. Which actions should the nurse implement? A) Schedule weekly prenatal appointments B) Contact social services for a temporary shelter C) Obtain a hemoglobin and hematocrit level D) Have the client transported to the hospital 29. The nurse is planning a class for pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy. Which information is most imported for the nurse to include in the class? A) Plan rest periods and increase sleep time to an hour per day when fatigue B) If any vaginal bleeding occurs, notify the healthcare provider immediately C) Since eating often relieves nausea, carry low fat snacks to eat whenever nausea occurs D) If morning dizziness occurs, rise slowly and sit on the side of the bed for one minute 30. When assessing a pregnant woman AT 39-weeks gestation who is admitted to labor and delivery which finding is most important to report to the health care provider? A) + proteinuria B) 130/70 blood pressure C) + pedal edema D) 101.2 oral temperature 31.A A client who suspects she is pregnant tells the nurse she has a peptic ulcer that is being treated with misoprostol (Cytotec), a synthetic prostaglandin C drug, how should the nurse respond? A) “You may be at risk for having a spontaneous miscarriage” B) “You may have an increased chance of having preeclampsia” C) “This medication will have no effect on your unborn child” D) “You may experience postpartum hemorrhaging after delivery” 32. Following the vaginal delivery of a large-for-gestation-age (LGA) infant a woman is admitted to the intensive care unit due to postpartum hemorrhaging. The client’s medical record lists the client’s religion as Jehovah’s Witness. What action should the nurse take? A) Prepare to infuse multiple units of fresh frozen plasma B) Inform the client of the critical need for a blood transfusion C) Clarify the clients wishes about receiving blood products D) Obtain consent from the family to infuse packed red blood cells 33. After delivery of a normal infant, the mother tells the nurses that she would like to use oral contraceptive. Which finding in the client’s health history is a contraindication of the use of contraceptives? A) Previously used intrauterine device (IUD) B) Reported history of stroke within family C) Diagnosed with diabetes mellitus 2 years ago D) Smoked cigarettes prior to becoming pregnant 34. When planning care for a laboring client, the nurse identifies the need to withhold solids food while the client is in labored. What is the most important reasons for this nursing intervention? A) Nausea occurs from analgesics used during labor B) Autonomic nervous system stimulation during labor decrease peristalsis C) An increased risk of aspiration can occur if general anesthesia is needed D) Gastric emptying time decreases during labor. 35. The parents of a male newborns have signed an informed consent for circumcision. which intervention should the nurse implement upon completion of the circumcision? A) Place petroleum gauze dressings on the site B) wrap the infant in warm receiving blankets C) Give a PRN dose of liquid acetaminophen D) Offer a pacifier dipped in glucose water 36. The nurse is caring for a postpartum client who is complaining of severe pain and a feeling of pressure in her perineum. Her fundus is firm, and she has a moderate lochia flow. On inspection the nurse finds that a perineal hematoma is beginning to form. Which assessment findings show the nurse obtain first? A) Abdominal contour and bowel sounds B) Hemoglobin and hematocrit C) Heart rate and blood pressure D) Urinary output and IV fluid intake 37. At 6 weeks gestation the rubella titer of a client medication indicates she is non-immune. When is the best time to administer a rubella vaccine to this client? A) After the client stops breastfeeding B) Immediately, at 6-weeks gestation to protect fetus C) After the client reaches 20-weeks gestations D) Early postpartum within 72 hours of delivery 38. The nurses assessing a 38-week gestation newborn infant immediately following a vaginal birth. Which assessment finding best indication that the infant is transitioning well to extrauterine life? A) Heart rate 220 beats/minute B) Cries vigorously when stimulated C) A positive Babinski reflex D) Flexion of all four extremities 39.A A woman in her third trimester of pregnancy has been in active labor for the past 8 hours and cervix dialed 3cm. The nurse’s assessment findings and electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) are consistent with hypotonic dystocia, and the healthcare provider prescribes an oxytocin drip. Which data is most important for the nurse to monitor? A) Clients hourly blood pressure B) Preparation for emergency cesarean birth C) Intensity, interval, and length of contractions D) Checking the perineum for bulging 40. The nurse is caring for a newborn who is 18inches long, weighs 4 pounds, 14 ounces, has a head circumference of 13 inches, and a chest circumference of 10inches. Based on these physical findings, assessment for which condition has the highest priority? A) Hyperthermia B) Hyperbilirubinemia C) Polycythemia D) Hypoglycemia 41.A A client who delivered a healthy newborn an hour ago asks the nurse when she can go home. Which information is most important for the nurse to provide the client? A) When ambulating to void does not cause dizziness B) After the vitamin K injection is given to the baby C) When there is no significant vaginal bleeding. D) After the baby no longer demonstrates acrocyanosis 42.A A client who is anovulatory and has hyperprolactinemia is being treated for infertility with metformin, menotropins (Repronex, MENOPUR®), and human chorionic gonadotropin(hCG). Which side effects should the nurse tell the client to report immediately? A) Episodes of headache and irritability B) Nausea and vomiting C) Rapid increase in abdominal girth D) Persistent daytime fatigue 43. At 0600 while admitting a woman for a scheduled repeat Caesarean section (C-section), the client tells the nurse that she drank a cup of coffee at 0400 because she wanted to avoid getting a headache. Which action should the nurse take first? A) Contact the client’s obstetrician B) Ensure preoperative lab results are available C) Inform the anesthesia care provider D) Start prescribed IV with Lactated Ringer’s 44. Following the vaginal delivery of a 10-pound infant, the nurse assesses a new mothers vaginal bleeding and finds that she has saturated two pads in 30minutes and has a boggy uterus. What action should the nurse implement first? A) Have the client empty her bladder B) Inspect the perineum for lacerations C) Increase oxytocin IV infusion D) Perform fundal massage until firm 45.A A client at 20 weeks gestation comes to antepartum clinic complaining of vaginal warts (human papilloma virus HPV). What information should the nurse provide this client? A) Termination of the pregnancy should be considered B) Pregnancy complication are not linked to HPV C) This client should be treated with acyclovir (Zovirax) D) The client should be treated with penicillin G. 46.A A 33-year-old client at 9 weeks gestation tells the nurse that while she has “cut down,” she still has at least one alcoholic drink every evening before bedtime. What intervention should the nurse implement? a) Notify child protective services of the client’s illicit drug use and probable child endangerment b) Praise the client for her actions and offer to discuss ways to decrease consumption even more c) Insist that the client stop all alcohol use and draw a blood alcohol level at each prenatal visit 2016HESI 1. The nurse is planning care for a client at 30 weeks gestation who is experiencing preterm labor. What maternal prescription is most important in preventing this fetus from developing respiratory distress syndrome? a. terbutaline (Brethine) 0.25 mg SubQ Q15 mins x 3 b. Betamethasone (Celestone) 12 mg deep IM c. Butorphanol 1 mg IV push q2h PRN pain d. Ampicillin 1-gram IV push q8h 2. A primigravida client confides in the nurse that her sister told her that she should eliminate all salt once she is at 26 weeks’ gestation because it will eliminate fluid retention and swelling. How should the nurse respond? a. Salt foods lightly during cooking but add no additional salt at the table. b. eliminate all added salt from the diet to improve kidney function during pregnancy c. limit grain, meat and milk products which are significant sources of sodium d. use canned food products to obtain salt because it is easier to monitor salt intake 3. A one-day-old neonate develops a cephalohematoma. The nurse should closely assess this neonate for which common complication? a. jaundice* b. brain damage c. poor appetite d. hypoglycemia 4. The mother of a breastfeeding 24 hr old infant is very concerned about the techniques involved in breastfeeding. She calls the nurse with each feeding to seek reassurance that she is “doing it right.” She tells the nurse, “I just know my daughter is not getting enough to eat.” What response would be best for the nurse to make? a. feed your baby hourly until you feel confi

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